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2010年辽宁高考英语试题及答案

2010年06月09日 文/英语高考试题及答案 次阅读

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2010年辽宁高考英语试题

   本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一卷

例:How much is the shirt?

A.£19.15 

B.£9.15

C.£9.1

答案是B。

1.What will Dorothy do on weekend?

A. Go out with her friends.

B. Work on her paper.

C. Make some plans

2.What was the normal price of T-shirt?

A. $15

B. $30

C. $50

3.What has the woman decided to do on Sunday afternoon ?

A. To attend a wedding.

B. To visit an exhibition

C. To meet a friends

        推荐阅读:

^

4.When does the bank close on Saturday?

A. At 1:00 pm

B. At 3:00 pm

C. At 4:00 pm

5.Where are the speakers?

A. In a store

B. In a classroom

C. At a hotel

第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答6-7题。

6.What do we know about Nora?

A. She prefers a room of her own

B. She likes to work other girls

C. She lives near the city center

7.What is good about the flat?

A. It has a large sitting room

B. It has good furniture

C. It has a big kitchen
^

听第7段材料,回答8-9题。

8.Where has Barbara been?

A. Mile

B. Florence

C. Rome

9.What has Barbara got in her suitcase?

A. Shoes

B. Stones

C. Books

听第8段材料,回答第10-12题。

10.Who is making the telephone call?

A. Thomas Brothers

B. Mike Landon

C. Jack Cooper

11.What relation is the woman to Mr. Cooper ?

A. His wife

B. his boss

C. his secretary

12.What is the message about?

A. a meeting

B. a visit to France

C. the data for a trip
^

听第9段材料,回答第13-16题。

13.Who Could the man Speaker most probably be ?

A. a person who saw the accident

B. the driver of the lorry

C. a police officer

14.What was Mrs. Franks doing when the accident tool place?

A. walking alone Churchill Avenue

B. Getting ready to cross the road

C. standing outside a bank

15.When did the accident happen?

A. at about 8:00 am

B. at about 9:00 am

C. at about 10:00 am

16.How did the accident happen?

A. a lorry hit a car

B. a car ran into a lorry

C. a bank clerk rushed into the street

听第10段材料,回答第17-20题

17.What is the talk mainly about ?

A. the history of the school

B. the courses for the term

C. the plan for the day

18.Where can the visitors learn about the subjects for new students?

A. in the school hall

B. in the science labs

C. in the classrooms
^

19.What can students do in the practical areas ?

A. Take science courses

B. Enjoy excellent meals

C. Attend workshops

20.When are the visitors expected to ask questions ?

A. During the lunch hour

B. After the welcome speech

C. Before the tour of the labs

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从ABCD三个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

例:We        last night,but we went to the concert instead.

A. have studied          B. might study

C. should have studied D. would study

21.-I’ll do the washing-up. Jack, would you please do the floor?

-         

A. Yes please   B. no I don’t 

C. Yes sure     D. no not at all

22.There are over 58,000 rocky objects in         space, about 900 of which could fall down onto        earth.

A. the; the   B.不填; the   C. the;不填    D. a; the 

23.Jim went to answer the phone .         , Harry started to prepare lunch.

A. However     B. Nevertheless     C. Besides     D. meanwhile 

24.Joseph        to evening classes since last month ,but he still can’t say “what’s your name ?”in Russian

A. has been going   B. went    C. goes   D. has gone 
^

25.We were astonished       the temple still in its original condition .

A finding    B. to find   C. find    D. to be found 

26.Doctors say that exercise is important for health, but it        be regular exercise .

A. can    B. will    C. must    D. may  

27.We only had $100 and that was       to buy a new computer.

A. nowhere near enough      B. near enough nowhere 

C. enough near nowhere       D. near nowhere enough

28. Thousands of people     to watch yesterday ‘s match against Ireland

A. turned on B. turned in   C. turned around D. turned out 

29. The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair         he wanted to sit next to his wife.

A. although        B. unless          C. because            D. if

30. I         all the cooking for my family, but recently I’ve been too busy to do it.

A. will do           B. do        C. am doing        D. had done

31. I agree to his suggestion         the condition that he drops all charges.

A. by        B. in          C. on        D. to

32. The new movie         to be one of the biggest money-makers of all time.

A. promises        B. agrees            C. pretends        D. declines

33. The fact that she was foreign made         difficult for her to get a job in that country.

A. so        B. much          D. that          D. it

34. —It’s no use having ideas only.

—Don’t worry. Peter can show you         to turn an idea into an act.

A. how        B. who         C. what          D. where

35. Alexander tried to get his work         in the medical circles.

A. to recognize         B. recognizing          C. recognize         D. recognized

 ^

第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

When I first entered university, my aunt, who id an English professor, gave me a new English dictionary. I was    36   to see that it was an English-English dictionary, also known as a monolingual dictionary.   37  it was a dictionary intended for non-native learners, none of my classmates had one    38   , to be honest, I found it extremely   39    to use at first. I would look up words in the dictionary and    40   not fully understand the meanings. I was used to the    41   bilingual dictionaries, in which the word are    42   both in English and Chinese. I really wondered why my aunt    43   to make things so difficult for me. Now, after studying English at university for three years, I    44   that monolingual dictionaries are    45   in learning a foreign language.

As I found out, there is,   46  , often no perfect equivalence(对应)between two    47  in two languages. My aunt even goes so far as to    48  that a Chinese “equivalent” can never give you the    49    meaning of a word in English!   50   , she insisted that I read the definition(定义)of a word in a monolingual dictionary   51   I wanted to get a better understanding of its meaning.    52   , I have come to see what she meant.

Using a monolingual dictionary for learners has helped me in another important way. This dictionary uses a(n)   53   number of words, around 2,000, in its definitions. When I read these definitions, I am    54   exposed to(接触)the basic words and learn how they are used to explain objects and ideas.    55   this, I can express myself more easily in English.

36. A. worried              B. sad                          C. surprised                  D. nervous

37. A. Because              B. Although                  C. Unless                      D. If

38. A. but                     B. so                            C. or                            D. and

39. A. difficult              B. interesting                C. ambiguous                D. practical

40. A. thus                    B. even                        C. still                          D. again

41. A. new                    B. familiar                    C. earlier                      D. ordinary

42. A. explained            B. expressed                 C. described                  D. created

43. A. offered               D. agreed                     C. decided                    D. happened

44. A. imagine              B. recommend              C. predict                     D. understand

45. A. natural                B. better                       C. easier                       D. convenient
^

46. A. at least                B. in fact                      C. at times                    D. in case

47. A. words                 B. names                      C. ideas                        D. characters

48. A. hope                   B. declare                     C. doubt                       D. tell

49. A. exact                  B. basic                        C. translated                 D. expected

50. A. Rather                B. However                  D. Therefore                 D. Instead

51. A. when                  B. before                      C. until                        D. while

52. A. Largely               B. Generally                 C. Gradually                 D. Probably

53. A. extra                  B. average                    C. total                         D. limited

54. A. repeatedly           B. nearly                      C. immediately             D. anxiously

55. A. According to       B. In relation to            C. In addition to            D. Because of

 

第三部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节        (共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)

      阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
 
                                A

   It was a village in India. The people were poor . However, they were not unhappy. After all , their forefathers had lived in the same way for centuries.

   Then one day, some visitors from the city arrived . They told the villagers there were some people elsewhere who liked to eat frog’s legs. However, they did not have enough frogs of their own, and so they wanted to buy frogs from other places.

This seemed like money for nothing . There were millions of frogs in the fields around, and they were no use to the villagers. All they had to do was catch them . Agreement was reached, and the children were sent into the fields to catch frogs. Every week a truck arrived to collect the catch and hand over the money. For the first time ,the people were able to dream of a better future. But the dream didn’t last long.

The change was hardly noticed at first ,but it seemed as if the crops were not doing so well. More worrying was that the children fell ill more often ,and ,there seemed to be more insects around lately.
^

The villagers decided that they couldn’t just wait to see the crops failing and the children getting weak. They would have to use the money earned to buy pesticides (杀虫剂)and medicines. Soon there was no money left .

Then the people realized what was happening. It was the frog .They hadn’t been useless. They had been doing an important job-eating insects. Now with so many frogs killed , the insects were increasing more rapidly. They were damaging the crops and spreading diseases.

Now, the people are still poor .But in the evenings they sit in the village square and listen to sounds of insects and frogs. These sounds of the night now have a much deeper meaning.

56. From Paragraph 1 we learn that the villagers         .

   A. worked very hard for centuries

   B. dreamed of having a better life

   C. were poor but somewhat content

   D. lived a different life from their forefathers

57.Why did the villagers agree to sell frogs?

   A. The frogs were easy money.

   B. They needed money to buy visitors.

   C. They wanted to please the visitors.

   D. The frogs made too much noise.

58.What might be the cause of the children’s sickness?

   A. The crops didn’t do well.

   B. There were too many insects.

   C. The visitors brought in diseases.

   D. The pesticides were overused.
^

59.What can we infer from the last sentence of the text?

   A. Happiness comes from peaceful life in the country.

   B. Health is more important than money.

C. The harmony between man and nature is important.

D. Good old days will never be forgotten.

 

B

I hated dinner parties .But I decided to give them another shot because I’m in London. And my friend Mallery invited me . And because dinner parties in London are very different from those in New York, “I’m having a dinner party ” means : “I’m booking a table for 12 at a restaurant you can’t afford and we’ll be sharing the cheque evenly , no matter what you eat.” Worse, in Manhattan there is always someone who leaves before the bill arrives .They’ll throw down cash, half of what they owe, and then people like me, who don’t drink, end up paying even more . But if try to use the same trick , the hostess will shout; “Where are you going ?” And it’s not like I can say I have somewhere to go : everyone knows I have nowhere to go.

But in London, dinner parties are in people’s homes . Not only that, the guests are an interesting mix .The last time I went to one , the guests were from France , India ,Denmark and Nigeria; it was like a gathering at the United Nations . In New York ,the mix is less striking . It’s like a gathering at Bloomingdale’s , a well-known department store.

For New Yorkers, talking ,talking about other parts of the world means Brooklyn and Queens in New Yorkers. But at Mallery’s , when I side that I had been to Myanmar recently,  people knew where it was , In New Yorkers people would think it was a usual club.

60.What does the word “shot” in Paragraph I probably mean?

A. Choice B. Try   C. Style   D. Goal

61. What does the writer dislike most about dinner parties in New Yorkers

A. There is a strange mix of people.

B. The restaurants are expensive.

C. The bill is not fairly shared.

D. People have to pay cash 
^

62.What does the author think of the parties in London?

A. A bit unusual  

B. Full of tricks 

C. Less costly

D. More interesting

63.What is the author’s opinion of some New Yorkers from her experience?

A. Easy-going   B. Self-centred.   C. Generous   D. Conservative

 

C

   Too much TV-watching can harm children’s ability to learn and even reduce their chances of getting a college degree, new studies suggest in the latest effort to examine the effects of television on children.

   One of the studies looked at nearly 400 northern California third-graders. Those with TVs in their bedrooms scored about eight points lower on math and language arts tests than children without bedrooms TVs.

   A second study, looking at nearly 1,000 grown-ups in New Zealand, found lower education levels among 26-year-olds who had watched lots of TV during childhood. But the results don’t prove that TV is the cause and don’t rule out that already poorly motivated youngsters(年轻人)may watch lots of TV.

   Their study measured the TV habits of 26-year-olds between ages 5 and 15. Those with college degrees had watched an average of less than two hours of TV per weeknight during childhood, compared with an average of more than 2½ hours for those who had no education beyond high school.

   In the California study, children with TVs in their rooms but no computer at home scored the lowest, while those with no bedroom TV but who had home computers scored the highest.
^

   While this study does not prove that bedroom TV sets caused the lower scores, it adds to accumulating findings that children shouldn’t have TVs in their bedrooms.

 

64. According to the California study, the low-scoring group might____________.

       A. have watched a lot of TV

       B. not be interested in math

       C. be unable to go to college

       D. have had computers in their bedrooms

65.What is the researchers’ understanding of the New Zealand study results?

       A. Poorly motivated 26-year-olds watch more TV.

       B. Habits of TV watching reduce learning interest.

       C. TV watching leads to lower education levels of the 15-year-olds.

       D. The connection between TV and education levels is difficult to explain.

66. What can we learn from the last two paragraphs?

       A. More time should be spent on computers.

       B. Children should be forbidden from watching TV.

       C. TV sets shouldn’t be allowed in children’s bedrooms.

       D. Further studies on high-achieving students should be done.
^

67. What would be the best title for this text?

       A. Computers or Television

       B. Effects of Television on Children

       C. Studies on TV and College Education

       D. Television and Children’s Learning Habits

 

D

On May 23,1989, Stefania Follini came out from a cave at Carlsbad, New Mexico. She hadn’t seen the sun for eighteen and a half weeks. Stefania was in a research program, and the scientists in the program were studying body rhythms(节奏). In this experiment Stefania had spent 130 days in a cave, 30 feet in depth.

During her time in the cave, Stefania had been completely alone except for two white mice. Her living place had been very comfortable, but there had been nothing to tell her the time. She’d had no clocks or watches, no television or radio. There had been no natural light and the temperature had always been kept at 21℃.

The results were very interesting. Stefania had been in the cave for over four months, but she thought she had been there for only two. Her body clock had changed. She hadn’t kept to a 24-hour day, she had stayed awake for 20-25 hours and then had slept for 10 hours. She had eaten fewer meals and had lost 171bs in weight as a results! She had also become rather depressed(抑郁).

How had she spent her time in the cave? As part of the experiment she’d done some physical and mental tests. She’d recorded her daily activities and the results of the tests on a computer. This computer had been specially programmed for the project. Whenever she was free, she’d played cards, read books and listened to music. She’d also learned French from tapes.

The experiment showed that our body clocks are affected by light and temperature. For example, the pattern of day and night makes us wake up and go to sleep. However, people are affected in different ways. Some people wake up naturally at 5:00 am, but others don’t start to wake up till 9:00 or 10:00 am. This affects the whole daily rhythm. As a result, the early risers, on the other hand, are tired during the day and only come to life in the afternoon or evening!
^

68. Stefania stayed in the cave for a long time because ______.

 A. she was asked to do research on mice

 B. she wanted to experience loneliness

 C. she was the subject of a study

 D. she needed to record her life

69. What is a cause for the change of Stefania’s body clock?

 A. Eating fewer meals.

 B. Having more hours of sleep.

 C. Lacking physical exercise.

 D. Getting no natural light.

70. Where does the text probably come from?

 A. A novel.   B. A news story. C. A pet magazine.   D. A travel guide.

 第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

I was ten when I first sat with my grandmother behind the cashier(收银台) in her general store. ______71_______ I quickly learned the importance of treating customers politely and saying “thank you.”

At first I was paid in candy. ________72______ I worked every day after school, and during the summer and no weekends and holidays from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. My father helped me set up a bank account. ________73________
^

By the time I was 12, my grandmother thought I had done such a good job that she promoted me to selling cosmetics(化妆品). I developed the ability to look customers directly in the eye. Even though I was just a kid, women would ask me such things as “What color do you think I should wear?” I took a real interest in their questions and was able to translate what they wanted into makeup(化妆) ideas. ________74________

The job taught me a valuable lesson: to be a successful salesperson, you didn’t need to be a rocket scientist—you needed to be a great listener. ________75________ Except they are no longer women purchasing cosmetics from me; instead, they are kids who tell me which toys they would like to see designed and developed.

A.     Later I received 50 cents an hour.

B.      Before long, she let me sit there by myself.

C.      I ended up selling a record amount of cosmetics.

D.     Today I still carry that lesson with me: I listen to customers.

E.      My grandma’s trust taught me how to handle responsibility.

F.      Soon I found myself looking more beautiful than ever before.

G.     Watching my money grow was more rewarding than anything I could have bought.

第二卷

注意:将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误机器修改均仅限一词;

 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
^

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

 你校学生会需招聘一名留学生做英语学习顾问,请你以短文形式写一则招聘启事。

内容主要包括:

 -母语是英语,汉语流利者优先

-解答英语学习问题,汉语流利者优先

-每周4小时,报酬面议

-联系人:李华(tel 13011223344)

注意:1.词数100左右

2.可以适当增加细节。以使行文连贯;

3.启事标题和结尾已为你写好。

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