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2010年全国一卷高考英语试题及答案

2010年06月09日 文/英语高考试题及答案 次阅读

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2010年全国一卷高考英语试题(试卷)

1

第一部分,听力(共两节,满分30分)

回答听力部分时,请先将答案标在试卷上,听力部分结束前,你将有两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到客观答题卡上。关于2010年全国一卷英语试题由工大自考网(www.ccutu.com)编辑完成!

第一节(共5小题:每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

     听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。挺完美段对话后,你有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A.       £19.15

B £.9.15

C . £9.18

答案是B.

1.  Why will dorotl de on the weeknd?

A. Go out weeknd end

B. Work on her paper.

C.Make some plans.

2. What was the normal price of the T-shirt?

A.$15

B. $30

C. $50

3.What has the woman decided to do on Sunday aftermoon?

A.To attend a wedding+

B. To visit an exhibition.

C. To meet a friend.
 
关于全国一卷2010年其他科目的高考试题:
 
2010年全国一卷高考语文试题           2010年全国一卷高考英语试题
 
^
4.Where dose the bank close on Satuerday ?

A.At 1:00 pm

B. At 3:00 pm

C. At 4:00 pm

5.Where are the speakers?

A.In a store

B. In a classroom

C. In a hotel.

第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小问题,从题中所给的A、B、C、三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6.7题 。

6.What do we know about Nora?

 A.She pre fers a room of her own.

 B. .She likes to work with other girls.

 C. She lives near the city center.

7.What is good at about the flat?

   A. It is a large sitting room.

   B. It has a good futuree.

   C. It has a big ketchen.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8.Where has Barbara been?

   A.Milan

   B.Florence

   C.Rome

9.What has Barbara got in her suitcase?

   A.Shoes

   B.Stones

   D.Books
^

听第8段材料,回答10至12题。

10.Who is making the telephone call?

A.Thomas Brothes.

B.Mike Landon

C.Jack Coooper

11.What relation is the woman to Mr.Cooper?

A.His wife.

B.His boss.

C.His secretary.

12.What is the message about?

A. A meeting

B. A visit to France

C. The date for a trip.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13.Who could the man speaker most probably be?

A. A person who saw the accident.

B. The driver of the lorry.

C. A police office.

14.what was mrs.franks ding doing when the accident took place?

A. walking along   churchill avence .

B. getting ready to   cross the   road   .

C. standing outside a   bank

15. when did   the accident   happen ?

A. at about   8:00 am

B. at    about   9:00am

C. at    about   10:00am

16.How did the acidcent happen ?

A.a   longhit a car

B. a   car ran   into   a lorry

C. a bank clerk rushed   into   the   street .   
^

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题

17. What is the talk mainly about?

A. The history of the school .

B. The courses for the term.

C. The plan for the day.

18. Where can the visitors learn about the subjects for new students?

A. In the school hall.

B. In the science labs.

C. In the classrooms.

19. What can students do in the practical areas?

A. Take science courceses

B. Enjoy excenllnt   mears

C. Attend workshops.

20. When are the visitors excepted to ask questions?

A During the lunch hour .

B. After the welcome   speech .

C. Before the tour of the labs.

第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分40分)

第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:多项选择(共10小题;每题1分,满分10分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

例:We_______last night, but we went to the concert instead.

A . must have studied                       B . might study

C . should have studied                      D . would study
^

21-----Have you finished reading Jane Eyre?

-----No, I_________my homework all day yesterday.

A . was doing                        B . would do

C . had done                         D . do

22. the workers _____ the glasses and marked on each box “this side up”

A. carried       B. delivered   C. pressed      D. packed

23. I’ll spend half of my holiday practicing englsih and ___ half learning drawing.

A. another      B. the other    C. other’s       D. other

24. as a child, jack studied in a village school, -___ in named after his grandfather.

A. which      B。 Where      C. What      D. that

25.Mary made coffee ________ her guests were finishing their meal.

A. so that                       B although

C. while                        D. as if

26. I have seldom seen my mother ________ pleased with my progress as she is now.

A. So                          B.very   

C.too                          D. rather

27. Mrs. White showed her student some old maps _________from the liberary.

A. to borrow     B. to be borrowed

C. borrowed     D. borrowing

28. When you are home ,give a call to let me know you _________safely.

A. are arriving     B. have arrived

C. had arrived     D. will arrive

29. Just be patient .You_____________ except the world to change so soon.

A. can’t                   B. needn’t

C. may not                 D. will not

30. The little boy won’t go to sleep ______________his mother tells him a story.

A. or                        B. unless   

C. but                       D. whether
^

 31.—Everybody is going to climb the mountain. Can I go too, mon?

—______ Wait till you are old enough, dear.

A.Will you?                          B.Why not?

C.I hope so.                          D.I’m afraid not.

32.The discovery of gold in Australia led thousands to believe that a fortune _______.

A.is made                            B.would make

C.was to be made                      D.had made

33.We haven’t dicussed yet _______ we are going to place our new furniture.

A.that          B.which        C.what        D.where

34.With Father’s Day around the corner, I have taken some money out of the bank_______ presents for my dad.

A.buy                               B.to buy

C.buying                            D.to have bought

35.—Was he sorry for what he’d done/

—_________.

A.No wonder                        B.Well done

C.Not really                         D.Go ahead

第二节        完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

     阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

    It was a busy morning, about 8:30, when an elderly gentleman in his 80s, came to the hospital. I heard him saying to the nurse that he was in a hurry as he had an appointment(约会) at 9:00 am.

The nurse had him take a ______36 in the waiting area, ______37 him it would be at least 40 minutes_______38 some one would be able to see him. I saw him_____39 his watch and , since I was_____40 busy –my patient didn’t_____41 at point hours, I would exam his wound. While taking care of his wound, I asked him if he had another doctor's appointment. The gentleman told me no and told me that he _____42 to go to the nursing home to eat breakfast with his ______43. He told me that she had been _____44 for a while and that she has special disease. I asked if she would be_____45 if he was a bit late. He replied that she­­­­­_____46 knew who he was, that she had not been able to____47 him in five years now. I was _____48, and asked him, "And you_____49 go every morning, even though she doesn't know who you are?"
^

He smiled as he patted my hand and said, "She doesn't know me, but I know who she is."I had to hold back ______50 as he left,

Now I_____51 that in marriages, true love ______52an acceptance of all that is, The happiest people don't n_____ 53have the best of everything; they just_____54 the best of everything they have.______55 is’nt about how to live through the storm,but how to dance in the rain.http://www.ccutu.com/wenwen/

36. A. breath           B.test            C. seat            D.break

37. A. persuading       B.promising     C. understanding       D.telling

38. A.if             B.before             C. since             D.after

39. A.taking             B.fixing              C. looking at      D.winding

40. A.very             B. aslo             C. seldom           D.not

41. A. turn up            B.show off              C come.         D.go away

42. A. needed            B. forgot             C. agreed             D.happened

43. A. daughter            B. wife             C. mother              D.sister

44. A. late            B. well             C. around             D.there

45. A. lonely            B. worried             C.doubtful             D.hungry

46. A.so far             B.neither              C. no longer             D.already

47. A. recognize            B. answer            C. believe            D.expect

48. A。moved    B. disappointed    C.surprised   D.satisfied

49..A.only           B. then           C. thus     D.still

50. A.curiosity      B. tewrs      C.   words    D. judgment  

51. A. realize B .   suggest    C . hooe   D. prove  

52.A    .agreement    B.   expression     C.    acceptance    D.   exhibition

53.A. necessarily    B.completely     C. naturally     D. frequently

54.A.learn     B. make     C. favor     D . try 

55. A. adventure      B.beauty    C. trust    D.   life  
 
^

第三部分 阅读理解 (共 20小题;每小题2分,满分 40分 )

预读下列短文,从没提所给四个选项(A、B、、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

                    Shakespeare’s Birthplace and Exhibition of Shakespeare’s Word

Welcome to the world-famous house where William Shakespeare was born in 1564 and where he grew up .The property(房产)remained in the ownership of Shakespeare’s family until 1806.The House has welcomed visitors traveling from all over the world, for over 250 years.

   Enter through the Visitors’ Centre and see the highlypraised exhibition Shakespeare’s Word, a lively and full introduction to the life and work of Shakespeare.

 Stand in the rooms where Shakespeare grew up.

 Discover esamples of furniture and needle work from Shakespeare’s period.

 Enjoy the traditional(传统的)English garden, planted with trees and flowers mentioned in poet’s works.

The Birthplace is within easy walking distance of all the car parks shown on the map ;pearest is Windsor Street(3 minytes’ walk).

 &The House may present difficulties but the Visitors’ Centre ,its exhibition ,and the garden are accessible (可劲的)to wheelchair users.

 The Shakespeare Coffee House(opposite the Birthplace) .

56.How much is the admission for a family of twe grown-ups and two children?

 A.∮9.80      B. ∮12.00         C. ∮14.20             D. ∮16.40

57.Where is the nearst parking place to Shakespere’s Birthplace?

 A.Behind the exhibition hall.

B.Opposite the Visitors’Centre.

C.At Windsor Street.

D.Near the Coffee House.

58.A wheelchair user may need help to enter_____________.

A.the house            B.the garden        

C.the Visitors’Centre          D.the exhibition hall                           
 
^
B

     EDGEWOOD-EVERY morning at Dixie Heights High School,customers pour into a special experiment;the district’s first coffee run mostly by students with special learning needs.

     Well before classes start,students and teachers order Lattes Sappuccinos and Hot Chocolates.Then,durning the first period teachers call in orders on their room phones,and students make deliveries.

      By closing tome at 9.20 a.m.,the shop usually sells 90 drinks.

“Whoever made the chi tea, Ms. Schatzman says it was good,’ Christy McKinley, a second year student, announced recently, after hanging up with the teacher.

The shop is called the Dixie PIT, which stands for Power in Transition. Although some of the students are not disabled, many are, and the PIT helps them prepare for life after high school.

They learn not only how to run a coffee shop but also how to deal with then affairs. They keep a umecard and receive paychecks, which they keep in check registers.

Special-education teachers Kim Chevalier and Sue Casey introduced the Dixie PIT from a similar program at Kennesaw Mountain High School in Georgia.

Not that it was easy. Chevaliver’s first problem to overcome was product-related. Should school be selling coffee? What about sugar content?http://www.ccutu.com/henangaokao

Kenton County Food Service Director Ginger Gray helped. She made sure all the drinks, which use non fat milk, fell within nutrition(营养) guidelines.

The whole school has joined in to help.

Teachers agreed to give up their lounge(休息室) in the mornings. Art students painted the name of the shop on the wall. Business students designed the paychecks. The basketball team helped pay for cups.

59.What is the text mainly about?

A. A best selling coffee.

B.A special educational program.

C.Government support for schools.

D.A new type of teacher- student relationship.

60.The Dixie PIT program was introduced in order to _______.

A. raisemoney for school affairs

B. do some research on nutrition

C. develop students’ practical skills

D. supply teachers with drinks

61.How did Christy McKinley know Ms. Schatzman’s opinion of the chi tea?

A. She met her in the shop.

B. She heard her telling others.

C. She talked to her on the phone.

D. She went to her office to deliver the tea.

62.We know from the text that Ginger Gray _______.

A. manages the Dixie PIT programin Kenton Country

B. sees that the drinks meet health standards

C. teaches at Dixie Heights High School

D. owns the school’s coffee shop
^

C

   Along the river banks of the Amazon and the Orinoco there lives a bird that swims before it can fly, flies like a fat chicken, eats green leaves, has the stomach of a cow and has claws(爪)on its wings when young. They build their homes about 4.6 m above the river, an important feature (特征)for the safety of the young. It is called the hoatzin.

In appearance, the birds of both sexes look very much alike with brown on the back and cream and red on the underside. The head is small, with a large set of feathers on the top, bright red eyes, and #6699cc skin. Its nearest relatives are the common bires, cuckoos. Its most striking feature, though is only found in the young.

Baby hoatzins have a claw on the leading edge of each wing and another at the end of each wing tip. Using these four claws, together with the beak(喙),they can climb about in the bushes, looking very much like primitive bires must have done. When the young hoatzins have learned to fly, they lost their claws.http://www.ccutu.com/hebeigaokao

  the drier months between December and March hoatzins fly about the forest in groups of 20:00    , but in April, when the rainy season begins, they collect together in smaller living units of two seven birds for producing purposes.

63.What is the test mainy about?

A.Hoatzins in dry and rainy seasons.

B.The relatives and enemies of hoatzins.

C.Primitive birds and hoatzins of the Amazon.

D.The appearance and living babits of hoatzins.

64.Yong hoatzins are different from their parents in that_____.

A.they look like young cuckoos.

B.they have claws on the wings

C.they eat a lot like a cow

D.they live on river banks

65.What can we infer about primitive birds from the text?

A.They had claws to help them climb.

B.They could fly long distances

C.They had four wings like hoatzins.

D.They had a head with long feathers on the top.

66.Why do hoatzins collect together in smaller groups when the rainy season comes?

A.To find more food.

B.To protect themselves better.

C.To keep themselves warm.

D.To produce their young.
^

 D

Science can’t explain the power of pets ,but many studies have shown that the company of prts can help lower blood pressure ( 血压) and raise chances of recovering from a heart attack, reduce loneliness and spread all-round good cheer.

Any owner will tell you how much joy a pet brings.For some, an animal provides more comfort than a husband/wife . A 2002 study by Karen Allen of the State University of New York measured stress(紧张) levels and blood pressure in people-half of them pet owners –while they performed 5 minutes of mental arithmetic(算术) or held a hand in ice water . Subjects completed the tasks alone , with a husband/wife, a close friend or with a pet . People with pets did

it best. Those tested with their animal friends had smaller change in blood pressure and returned most quick to base line beart rates. With pets in the room, people also made fewer math mistakes that when doing in front of other companions. It seems people feel more relaxed (放松) around pets, says Allen, who thinks it may be because pets don’t judge.

A study reported last fall suggests that having a pet dog not only raises your spirits but may also have an effect on your eating habits. Researchers at Northwestern Memorial Hospital spent a year studying 36 fat people and their equally fatdogs on diet-and-exercise programs; a separate group of 56 people without pets were put on a diet program. On average, people lost about 11 pounds, or 5% of their body weight. Dog owners didn’t lose any more weight than those without dogs but, say researchers, got more exercise overall-mostly with their dogs-and found it worth doing.

67. What does the texomainly discuss?

A. What pots bring to their owners.

B. How pets help people calm down.

C. People’s opinions of keeping pets.

D. Pet’s value in medical research.

68. We learn from the text that a person with heart disease has a better chance of getting well if          .

A. he has a pet companion

B. he has less stress of work

C. People’s opinions of keeping pets.

D. Pet’s value in medical research.

68. We learn from the text that a person with heart disease has a better chance of getting well if        .

A. he has a pet companion

B. he has less stress of work

C. he often does mentd arithmetic

D. he is taken care of by his family

69. According to Allen, why did the people do better with pets around when facing stressful tasks?

A. They have lower blood pressure.

B. They become more patient.

C. They are less nervous.

D. They are in higher spirits.

70. The research mentioned in the last paragraph reports that        .

A. people with does did more exercise

B. dogs lost the same weight as people did

C. dogs liked exercise much more than people did

D. people without dogs found the program unhelpful
^

E

       There were samng children all the way. Clearly they knew at what time the train passed their homes and they made it their business to stand along the railway, were to complete strangers and cheer them up as they rushed towards Penage. Often whole families stood outside their homes and waved and smiled as if those on the trains were their favorite relatives. This is the simple village people of Malaysia.I warmoved.

       I had always traveled to Malaysia by plane or car, so this was the first time I was on a train.I did not partie relish the long train joumey and had brought along a dozen magazines to read and reread. I looked about the train. There was not one familiar I sighed and sat down to read my Economics

       It was not long before the train was across the Causeway and in Malaysia. Johore Baru was just another city like Singapore, so I was tired of looking at the crods of people as they hurried past. As we went beyond the city, I watchd the smaight rows of rubber trees and miles and miles of green. Then the first village came into sight. Immediately I came alive, I decided to wave back.http://www.ccutu.com/shanxigaokao

       From then on my joumey became interesting.I threw my magazine into the waste basket and decided to join in Malaysian life.Then everything came alive.The mountains seemed to speak to me.Even the trees were smiling.I stared t everything as if I was looking at it for the first time.

       The day passed fast and I even forgot to have my lunch until I felt hungry. I looked at my wat ch and was surprised that it was 3:00 pm.Soon the train pulled up at Butterwi I looked at the people all around me.They all looked beautiful. When my uncle arrive with, I threw my around thim to give him a (拥抱).I had never done this before. He seemed surprised and then his weather-beaten face warmed up with a huge smile. We walked arm in arm to his car.

       I looked forward to the return journey.

       71.The author expected the train turp to be      .

       A.adventurous        B.pleasnt        C.exciting              D.dull

72.What did the author remember most fondly of her train trip?

A.The trine dry country-people.

B.The mountains along the way.

C.The crowds of people in the streets.

D.The simple lunch served on the train.

73.Which of the following words can best take the place of the word“relish”in the second paragraph?

A.choose                      B.enjoy                        C.prepare for                D.carry on

74.Where was the writer going?

A.Johore Baru.                                                B.The Causeway.

C.Bunerworth.                                                        D.Singapore.

75.What can we learn from the story?

A.Comfort in traveling by train.

B.Pleasure of living in the country.

C.Reading gives people delight.

D.Smiles brighten people up.
^

2010年全国一卷高考英语试题第二卷

       第四部分       写作(共两节,满分35分)

       第一节    短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满份10分)

       此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾(√)如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:

       此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

       此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符合(^),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

       此行错一个词:在错的词下划—横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

       注意:原行没有错的不要改。

       It was a chance of lifetime to win the first           76.                   

       Prize on the Story Writing Show. All had to de    77.                   

       was write a story or present it.Myt eachers          78.                   

       have been telling me how great my writing was. 79.                   

       So if they had said was ture,I would have a chace 80.                   

       of winninahe prize. What were better, I had useful                 81.             

       help. There was Uhcie Chen, gentleman living                         82.             

       near my house, who was a very much famous writer.                83.             

       He agreed to reading my story and give me some                      84.             

       advices on how to write like a real writer.                                85.             

       第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

       假设你是育才中学学生会主席李华。你校将举办一次英语演讲比赛(speech contest),希望附近某大学的外籍教师Smith女士来做评委。请参照以下比赛通知给她写一封信。
 

英语演讲比赛

主题:人与自然

时间:6月15日下午2:00-5:00

地点:501教室

参赛选手:10名学生

联系人:李华(电话44876655)

欢迎大家光临

       注意:词数100左右。

       Dear Ms. Smith,

                                                                                  

       With best wishes,

       Li Hua

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