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英语语法填空固定规律 语法填空答题技巧

2017年04月18日 文/张柳絮 377次阅读

  语法填空是通过语篇在语境中考察语法知识的运用能力,我们在解题前应快速浏览短文掌握大意,有把握的空格可以先进行填写。在读懂短文的基础上,再结合短文提供的特定的语言环境去逐句分析,逐题解答。下面是有途网小编整理的关于高中语法填空的固定规律和答题技巧,供各位同学参考。

  一、纯空格试题的解题技巧

  纯空格填空题主要是填冠词、介词、代词、连接词(含从属连词和并列连词)等虚词。 首先,分析句子结构,根据句子所缺成分确定填哪类词。然后,根据句子意思,确定具体填什么词;或根据两句间的逻辑关系确定具体用哪个连词。共有以下7个技巧:

  技巧1:在简单句和并列句中,若句子缺主语或宾语,一定是填代词。

  例1:I can’t send a message to Kenya whenever I want to, and __1__ gets there almost in a second.

  技巧2:名词前面,若没有限定词(冠词、形容词性物主代词、不定代词等),很可能是填限定词。

  例2:It is said that a short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty was very anxious to help___2___ rice crop grow up quickly.

  技巧3:名词或代词在句中不作主语、表语或动词的宾语时,其前面,一定是填介词。

  例3:„who should have the honour of receiving me ___3___ a guest in their house.

  技巧4: 若两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连词,可能是填连词。

  例4:„two world-famous artists, Pablo Picasso 4 Cabdido Poitinari, which are worth millions of dollars.

  技巧5:若两个句子(即两个主谓结构)之间没有连词,也没有分号或句号,一定是填并列连词(连接并列的句子)或从属连词(连接定语从句、名词性从句和状语从句)。

  例5:The greatest magician of all time was Harry Houdini ___5 _died in 1926.

  例6:He was very tired after doing thus foe a whole day, ___6___he felt very happy.

  技巧6: 由特殊句式结构来判断空格应填的词。 (1) 由it is „ that„ 强调结构的形式,判断it 还是that。判断方法:去掉it is „ that„结构,句子还是一个完整的句子就是强调句型。 (2) 由it 作形式主语或形式宾语的句式判断,空格是否填it.

  例7:„and ___7__ was only after I heard she become sick that I learned she couldn’t eat MSG (味精).

  例8:„ as ___8__ took them just three minutes to steal paintings by two words-famous artists..

  例9:Dating sites also makes___9__ easy to avoid someone whom you are not interested in. (3) 在倒装句式中通常填only, so, neither, nor, never, hardly, seldom, not„until等词。

  例10:__10___ with hard work can you expect to get pay rise. (4) so / such „that„句型

  例11:This made the goat so jealous ___11___ it began plotting against the donkey. (5) more „than„(与其说„„不如说„„,比„„更„„)句型。

  例12:Cynthia’s story shows vividly that people remember more how much a manager cares ___12____ how much he pays.

  二、给出了动词的试题解题技巧

  首先,判断要填的动词是谓语动词还是非谓语动词。然后按照以下两点进行思考。

  技巧7:若句子没有别的谓语动词,或者虽然已有谓语动词,但需填的动词与之是并列关系时,所给动词就是谓语动词;若是谓语动词,就要考虑时态语态。

  例13:When I die, I 13 (give) everything to you.

  例14:That was definitely not an attractive idea so I politely declined her invitation, 14__(close) my book and walked away. 例15:In Loganm three people _15_(take) to a hospital, while others were treated at a local clinic.

  例16:Being too anxious to help an event develop often 16 (result) the contrary to our intention.(2008年广东高考语法填空) 例17:Now, Valentine’s Day is 17 (celebrate) in many countries around the world.

  技巧8: 若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并列谓语时,所给动词就是非谓语动词。若是非谓语动词就要确定是v-ing形式,-ed形式,还是不定式,确定的方法主要有: (1) 作主语或宾语,通常用v-ing 形式表示习惯或一般情况,用不定式表示具体情况。

  例18:but it is not enough only _18_(memorize) rules from a grammar book.

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  高中语法填空十三招 语法填空规律
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