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2017北京高考英语压轴试题(含答案)

2017年04月08日 文/刘美娟 363次阅读

2017北京高考英语压轴试题(含答案)

本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分,共150分。考试时间120分钟。

I卷(三部分,115分)
第一部分:听力理解(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题15分,满分75分)
    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你将有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话你将听一遍。
1How old is the woman’s car?
AFour years old   BFive years old      CSix years old
2What does the woman want to do?
AShe wants to prepare supper
BShe wants to stay at home
CShe wants to go out      
3What does the man want to drink?
ASomething cold           BTea           CCoffee
4Where is Black now?
AAT his office              BAt the travel company         CAt lunch         
5How was the woman feeling at the very moment?
AGlad            BProud              CExcited           
第二节(共15小题;每小题15分,满分225分)
听下面6段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第68题。
6Where does the conversation most probably take place?
AIn a restaurant           
BIn a bookstore
CAt home
7What does the man order?
AA hamburger and a coffee
BA Coke and a cake
CA hamburger and a Coke   
8How much does the man pay?
A$ 33                B$ 23                 C$33     
听第7段材料,回答第911题。
9Why doesn’t the woman look happy?    
AShe has no idea what to write about       
BShe can’t work out a problem
CShe can’t make a plan for tomorrow’s class
10When did the woman take her photos on the farm?
ALast week
BLast summer                           
CLast winter
11How many horses does the woman’s father raise?
A2          B4          C50       
听第8段材料,回答第1214题。
12Why does the man like his present job?
AThe good pay
BThe fresh air
CBoth A and B                             
13Which of the following jobs is the least one he wants to do?
AGardening
BTeaching                              
CDoctor
14What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
AHusband and wife
BBoss and clerk
CFriends                                   
听第9段材料,回答第1517题。
15When is the longest school holiday in Australia?
AWinter             BSummer               CAutumn   
16In what city are they talking?
ABeijing             BGuangzhou               CShanghai   
17In what order will Sue visit these cities in China?
AHong Kong---Shanghai---Beijing
BShanghai---Beijing---Hong Kong
CBeijing---Shanghai---Hong Kong                                    
听第10段材料,回答第1820题。
18Why did the wife kick her husband?
AHe had told the story before       
BThe boss laughed at the story
CThe story was too long
19When did Mike finally get his wife’s message?
AAfter his wife told him during their dance
BAfter the boss received his wife’s kick
CAfter the boss kicked him         
20Which of the following is not true?
AThe boss was able to pass the message
BThe boss was angry so he kicked back     
CThe boss was kicked twice by mistake
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
21. ______ beauty of ______ picture doesn’t depend only on its subject but on its style
AThe; a          B/; the   CThe; the D/; a  
           
22. I thought you ______ a break now, but you are still working       
Aare having Bhave
Cwere having Dare to have
23. Much effort ______ she made, she still failed to pass her driving test   
AAgainst           BThough CAs DWith
24. ---It’s time we were off
---________________                                          
AThat’s okay    BBut you’ve only just come
CI hope you’ll be all right DI apologize for my forgetfulness
25. The price of fruit has increased recently, ______ the price of vegetables has gone down
Awhen              Bwhile   Cwhether   Dwhy   
26. Tell the children to ______ fire
Aput off             Bput out Cput aside   Dput down  
27. When they opened the gate, they found a wild goat ______ in the snow, dead   
Alaying           Blay    Clying     Dlie
28. Give the girl a telephone number to ring ______ she gets lost               
Aunless             Bperhaps   Cfor   Din case
29I arrived late; I ____ the road to be so icy                              
Awouldn’t expect Bhaven’t expected
Chadn’t expected Dwasn’t expecting
30______ all the teachers, whom do you regard most highly?                   
AAbout            BOf   CFor   DFrom
31The boat ______ already; it’s not due to go until ten o’clock               
Acan’t have left   Bneedn’t have left
Cmustn’t have left    Dwon’t have left
32. Matter refers to anything ______                                  
Athat take up space and have weight
Bwhich take up space and have weight
Cthat takes up space and have weight
Dwhich takes up space and have weight
33. ---Is he complaining?                                            
---______________
AHe may be          BHe may be so CSo he does DSo is he
34. Mr. Smith is ______ the lecture while his wife is ______ the table         
Apreparing; preparing   Bpreparing for; preparing for
Cpreparing for; preparing   Dpreparing; preparing for 
35. ______ continuous research, there are more than 5,000 alloys(合金) being used in industry today                                                   
AAs a result          BAs a result of CSo far as DAs to
北京高考英语压轴试题第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题15分,满分30分)
 All our dreams have something to do with our feelings, fears, longings, wishes, needs and memoriesBut something on the “outside” may affect what we   36    If a person is hungry or tired or cold, his dream may include a feeling of this kindIf the  37    on your body has slipped off you bed , you may dream that you are  38    or resting on the ice and snowThe material for the dream you will  39    tonight is probably to come from the experiences you have today
  40     the subject of your dream usually comes from something that has effect on you 41      you are sleeping (feeling of cold, a noise, a discomfort, etc) and it may also use your past experiences and the wishes and interests you have nowThis is why very young  42     are likely to dream of fairies (仙女), older children of school examinations, 43   people of food, homesick soldiers of their families and prisoners of freedom
  To show you how that is  44  while you are asleep and how your wishes or needs can all be joined together in a dream, 45      is the story of an experimentA man was asleep and the back of his  46   was rubbed   47   a piece of cottonHe would dream that he  48    in a hospital and his girl friend was visiting him,49    on the bed and feeling gently his hand!
  There are some scientists who have made a special 50    of why we dream, what we dream and what those dreams   51    Their explanation of dreams, though a bit reasonable, is not accepted by everyone, but it  52   an interesting approach (方法) to the problemThey believe that dreams are  53    expressions of wishes that didn’t  54      In other words, a dream is a way of having your wishes  55    out
36Along Bdream Cthink Dwish
37Ablanket Bbook Cshoe Dtrousers
38Aworking Brunning Csleeping Dstudying
39Ahave Bmeet Csee Dthink
40ABut BFor CBecause DSo
41Abefore Bwhile Cafter Dduring
42Achildren Bfathers Cdrivers Dgentlemen
43Ahappy Bsad Chungry Dold
44Ataking Bhappening Cdreaming Drealizing
45Athere Bit Chere Dthis
46Aleg Bhead Cbody Dhand
47Ain Bof Cwith Dby
48Astayed Blived Clied Dwas
49Awaiting Bsitting Csmiling Dspeaking
50Astudy Bwatch Csleep Dway
51Astand Bdo Cform Dmean
52Amakes Boffers Cfinds Ddemands
53Asome Balmost Cmostly Dhardly
54Arealize Barrive Ccome true Dbelieve
55Acarried Btaken Ckept Dcalled

第三部分  阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
                          A
 In 1909 an English newspaper offered £ 1,000 to the first man to fly across the English Channel in an aeroplaneToday, modern jets cross it in minutesBut at that time it still seemed a good distanceThe race to win the money soon became a race between two menBoth were very colourful
    One was Louis BleriotHe owned a factory in France that made motor car lampsHe was already well known as a pilot (飞行员) because he had had accidents several timesSome people laughed at himOne man said, “He may not be the first to fly across the Channel but he will certainly be the first to die in an accident!” But Bleriot was really a good and brave pilotHe also had many good ideas about aeroplane design
    The other man was Hubert LathamHe was half French and half EnglishHe took up flying when his doctors told him he had only a year to live“Oh, well,” he said, “if I’ m going to die soon, I think I shall have a dangerous and interesting life now” Latham was the first to try the flight (飞行) across the ChannelTen kilometres from the French coast, his plane had some troubleIt fell down into the water and began to sink under the waterA boat reached Latham just in timeHe was sitting calmly on the wing and was coolly lighting a cigarette (香烟).Bleriot took off six days laterHe flew into some very bad weather and very low cloudHe somehow got to the English side and landed in a farmer’s fieldWhen he did so, a customs (海关) officer rushed up to his planePlanes have changed since then, but customs officers have not“Have you anything to declare?” The officer demanded
56The story took place ____
   Ain the early 20th century 
  Bin the 19th century
   Cright after World War I 
  Dat a time not mentioned in the passage
57Bleriot was well known as a piton because ____
   Ahe was unusually brave
   Bhe was quite rich
   Che had many good ideas about aeroplane design
   Dhe had had a few accidents
58The flight for Bleriot was ____
   Aa sad one Ba dangerous one Chis first one Dan easy one
59Why did Hubert Latham want to fly across the Channel?
   AHe thought he could manage it easily
   BHe wanted to be the first one to cross the Channel
   CHe knew he only had a year to live
   DHe had always been interested in flying
                          B
    My father, at the death of his father, was six years old, and he grew up without educationHe moved from Kentucky to Indiana when I was sevenWe reached our new home about the time the state came into the UnionIt was a wild area, with many bears and other wild animals still in the woodsI grew up thereThere were some so-called schools, but what was required of a teacher never went beyond “reading, writing, and adding” If a stranger supposed to understand Latin happened to live for a time in the area, he was looked on as wizard (奇才).There was simply nothing to excite a desire for educationOf course, when I grew up, I did not know muchStill, somehow, I could read, write, and add, but that was allThe advance I have now made is on this store of education, which I have picked up under the pressure of necessity
60When the writer was a child ____
   Ahis grandfather died in the state of Kentucky
   Bhis family settled down in the countryside of Indiana
   CKentucky joined the Union as a member state
   Dhis family had to move from place to place
61When the writer was seven, his family moved to an area where ____
   Aeducated people were greatly respected
   Bonly a few had a knowledge of Latin
   Cpeople were often killed by wild animals
   Dthe land had yet to be farmed
62The schools in the area ____
   Awere of poor quality (质量)       
Boffered all kinds of subjects
   Crespected those who knew Latin    
Dhad teachers good at reading, writing, and adding
63How did the writer look at his early education?
   AHe believed he met the school requirements
   BHe thought he was well-educated
   CHe thought it was not satisfactory
   DHe believed he was poorly educated
                        C
    Tarawa is one of the two largest of the Gilbert Islands in the western Pacific Ocean, but it is a very tiny island, with an area of about eight square miles, and a population of about 17,000Small as it is, three nations fought to control and use it as an air base during World War IIThe Japanese took it from the British in 1941, only to lose it to the Americans tow years later after one of the bloodiest (血腥的) battles of the warToday, the Gilbert Islands having become part of the Kiribati Pepublic, Tarawa is now its capital and major seaport (海港).
64Tarawa belongs to ______
   AJapan       Bthe US       CBritain       DKiribati
65Tarawa lies nearer to ______
   AJapan than to the US       Bthe USthan to Japan
   CBritain than to the US      DBritain than to Japan
66Tarawa was important during World War II because of its ______
   Asize       Bpopulation       Cposition        Dhistory
67In recent history, Tarawa ______
   Ahad been ruled by three nations one after another
   Bhas been fought over in a tough battle by three nations
   Chas been divided and ruled by three different nations
   Dhas always stayed out of the way of wars and battles
                     D
    The flying fox is not a fox at allIt is an extra large bat that has got a fox’s head, and that feeds on fruit instead of insects (昆虫).Like all bats, flying foxes hang themselves by their toes when at rest, and travel in great crowds when out flyingA group will live in one spot for yearsSometimes several hundred of them occupy (占据) a single treeAs they return to the tree toward sunrise, they quarrel among themselves and fight for the best places until long after daylight
    Flying foxes have babies once a year, giving birth to only one at a timeAt first the mother has to carry the baby on her breast wherever she goesLater she leaves it hanging up, and brings back food for it to eatSometimes a baby bat falls down to the ground and squeaks (尖叫) for helpThen the older ones swoop (俯冲) down and try to pick it upIf they fail to do so, it will dieOften hundreds of dead baby bats can be found lying on the ground at the foot of a tree
68The passage tells us that there is no difference between the flying fox and the ordinary bat in______
Atheir size                           
Btheir appearance
Cthe kind of food they eat               
Dthe way they rest
69At daybreak every day flying foxes begin to______
Afly out toward the sun                 
Blook for a new resting place
Ccome back to their home               
Dgo out and look for food
70Flying foxes have fights ______
Ato occupy the best resting places        
Bonly when it is dark
Cto protect their homes from outsiders (外来者).
Dwhen there is not enough food
71How do flying foxes care for their young?
AThey only care for their own babies
BThey share the feeding of their young
CThey help when a baby bat is in danger
DThey often leave home and forget their young
                       E
    Shu Pulong has helped at least 1000 people bitten (咬) by snakes“It was seeing people with snake bites (伤口) that led me to this career,” he said
    In 1963, after his army service, Shu entered a medical school and later became a doctor of Chinese medicineAs part of his studies he had to work in the mountainsThere he often heard of people who had their arms and legs cut off after a snake bite in order to save their lives
    “I was greatly upset by the story of an old farmer I metIt was a very hot afternoonThe old man was pulling grass in his fields when he felt a pain in his left handHe at once realized he had been bitten by a poisonous snakeIn no time he wrapped a cloth tightly around his arm to stop the poison spreading to his heartRushing home he shouted ‘Bring me the knife!’ Minutes later the man lost his arm forever
    “The sad story touched me so much that I decided to devote myself to helping people bitten by snakes,” Shu said
72The best headline (标题) for this newspaper article is       
   AAstonishing Medicine  BFarmer Loses Arm
   CDangerous Bites DSnake Doctor
73The farmer lost his arm because       
Athe cloth was wrapped too tightly  
Bhe cut it off to save his life
CShu wasn’t there to help him 
Dhe was alone in the fields
74She decided to devote himself to snake medicine because       
Ahe wanted to save people’s arms and legs  
Bhe had studied it at a medical school
   Che had seen snakes biting people Dhis army service had finished
75Why did Shu go into the mountains?
AHe wanted to study snake bites
BHe wanted to help the farmers
CHe was being trained to be a doctor
DHe was expected to serve in the army

北京高考英语压轴试题第二卷(共35分)
第四部分:(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾();如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:
    此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。
    此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。
    此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。
注意:原行没有错的不要改。
   Time is valuable but limitThere’s a famous saying,          76_______
  “Time is money”, this shows the importance of timeWhen       77_______
  time has gone, it will never return back.                     78_______
  It is a pity when many people make poor use of timeThey        79_______
  spend precious time oversleeping, drinking and traveling.    80_______
  They don’t realize wasting time is equal to wasting parts of their life81_______
  They always regret having made a little achievement so far.    82_______
  Therefore, we should form the habit of value timeDo not         83_______
  put off what can be done today until tomorrowLaziness         84_______
  will not only bring us failure, but also lead us on the road    85_______
  of poverty and even death

情景作文(满分25分)
假定你们班由同学们捐赠建起了一个小图书馆,为了更好地利用它,让它有助于同学们学习英语和其它各个,你作为班长,向全班宣布从明天开始可以借书,另外,你作了以下规定:
    1.每次只能借一本;
    2.每本只能借一周,要及时归还;
    3.要爱惜书,不得转借他人。
    最后,你希望同学们遵守以上规定。
请按以上要点内容写一篇90个词左右的发言稿。开头语已经写出(不计词数。
   
 Boys and girls, your attention, please 



北京高考英语压轴试题参考答案
 

听力:1-BCACC    -10 ACBAB  11-15BCBCB    16-20ACACB
单选:21-25 ACCCB    26-30 BCDBB  31-35CACBD 
完型:36-40 BACAD  41-45BACBC 46-50 DCDBA 51-55DBCCA 
阅读:56-60ADBCB 61-65DACDA  66-70CADCA  71-75CDBAC
改错:
76limit→limited   77this→which   78return→turn back   79when→that
80spend后加their  81parts→part   82. 去掉a   83value→valuing   84√ 85on→to
第二节 书面表达:
一、内容要点
二、说明
1.内容要点可用不同方式表达。
2.对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分。
三、Possible version
    Boys and girls, your attention, please!
    The little library in our class is now open. I hope these books offered by us all will help us to improve our English and will be helpful for all other subjects. Everyone can borrow books from tomorrow on. In order to make better use of them, you are asked to pay attention to the rules as follows:
    1. Borrow one book at a time.
    2. Keep the book for only one week and return it in time.
    3. Take good care of the books and don’t lend them to other students.
    I hope you will follow these rules.
Thank you.

听力材料
第一节
1. M: That’s a nice car. Is it new?
  W: No. I got it almost 5 years ago, but it’s still in good condition.
2. W: Would you rather eat at home or go out tonight?
  M: I’d rather go out, but I don’t mind preparing supper at home if you’d rather not go.
3. M: Would you like some hot coffee or tea?
  W: I do like them both, but I’d rather have something cold.
4. W: Good afternoon. This is Dick Williams at World Travel Company. Is Mr. Black there?
  M: No. He’s out to lunch. I’ll be glad to take a message.
5. W: When I heard the National Anthem, I almost cried?
  M: It was really quite moving.
第二节
6. W: Can I get you something?
  M: Yes, a hamburger, please?
  W: Anything to drink?
  M: Oh, yeah. I’m thirsty. A Coke, please.
  W: Here you are. That’s $3.3.
  M: I think that’s wrong. It can’t be 3.3. It’s 2.3.
  W: Oh, you are right. Sorry.
7. M: You don’t look very happy. What seems to be the problem? 
W: I’ve got to write an English composition for tomorrow’s class. But I don’t have any ideas now.
  M: That shouldn’t be too hard. Remember the photos you showed me last week?
  W: Yes, I took them at my father’s farm last summer.
  M: Why didn’t you write about your life on the farm? It will be very interesting.
  W: That’s a good idea. And I can also tell about the animals on the farm. You know, my father raises 2 cows and 4 horses and 50 chickens.
  M: Well, you can begin your composition now. And I’ve got to finish mine.
  W: Thanks for your help.
8. W: Why don’t you get another job for a change?
  M: But I like my job.
  W: Look, digging gardens is not a job for a university graduate.
  M: But the money’s not bad and there’s plenty of fresh air.
  W: If I were you, I’d take some kind of direction lawyer teaching.
  M: Teaching? Anything but that. It’s so boring.
  W: Come on, you really must think of the future.
  M: I’ll tell you what. I’d like to be a doctor.
  W: Well, you should think very seriously about that. It means a lot of study, and then working all sorts of hours.
  M: Yes, maybe. But the idea sounds interesting.
  W: Well, then, you ought to get more information about it as soon as possible.
9. M: Please tell us what it is like to go to school in Australia, Sue.
W: I’ll be glad to. I go to Bellview High School in North Sydney. I’ve just finished my exams in the 11th year and have come to China for a short holiday. Next year I’ll go into the 12th year, which will be my last year of high school. My favorite subject is history but I also study English, Chinese, maths and science.
M: How many school holidays do you have in Australia?
  W: We have two weeks’ holidays in March, July and October and a five-week holiday during our summer.
M: Do you want to go to university when you finish your high school?
  W: Yes, I want to study Asian languages. Coming to China for a holiday gives me a good chance to practise my conversational skills.
  M: What places have you been to China?
  W: I’ve been in Beijing now for four days, and yesterday I went to the Great Wall. I also saw the Ming Tombs. Tomorrow I’m going to see the Forbidden City and the Temple of Heaven.
  M: When will you go back to Australia?
  W: I’m flying home on Saturday. I’ll spend one day in Shanghai and then two days in Hong Kong before I leave.
  M: Thank you, Sue. I hope you’ll enjoy the rest of your holiday in China.
10. My husband, Mike and I were at a restaurant with his boss. While Mike began a story I was sure he had told before, I gave him a kick under the table. There was no response, so I gave him another one. Still the story went on. Suddenly he stopped, smiled and said, “Oh, but I’ve told you this one before, haven’t I?” We all laughed and changed the topic. Later, on the dance floor, I asked my husband why it had taken him so long to get my message. “What do you mean?” he replied. “I stopped the story as soon as you kicked me.” “But I kicked you twice, and it still took you a while to stop!” Suddenly we realized what had happened. When we returned to our table, the boss smiled and said, “After the second one, I guessed it was not for me, so I passed it along and kicked you.”

 

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