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2018年宁夏高考英语模拟冲刺试题【含答案】

2018-05-08 10:47:30 文/程爽 155次阅读

 

2018年宁夏高考英语模拟冲刺试题【含答案】

 

第Ⅰ卷 (选择题)

第一部分:听力理解(共两节。满分30)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

1  (5小题:每小题1.5分,满分7.5)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt ?

A.19.15.  B.9.18 C.9.15

答案是C.

1. Where does the conversation probably take place?

 A. In a restaurant.B. In a furniture store.  C. In the woman's company.

2. What does the man want to do first?

 A. See the elephants.B. Have a cup of tea.C. Watch the dolphin show.

3. What is the woman probably going to do?

 A. Make a list. B. Do some shopping.C. Make a chocolate pie.

4. Why does the woman look upset?

 A. She experienced a theft.   

 B. She was given a parking ticket.   

 C. She couldn't find a parking space.

5. How will the woman go to the city church?

 A. By bike. B. By bus. C. By car.

 

第二节(共15小题:每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第六段材料,回答第67题。

6 What activity is the man organizing?

 A. A school reunion

B. A birthday party

C. A farewell banquet

7.Why does the woman recommend the Omni Hotel?

 A. The price is quite reasonable.

 B. She likes the party rooms there.

 C. Her brother is a staff member there.

 

听第七段材料,回答第89题。

8. What is one thing the man is not going to pack for the trip?

 A. A sweater.  B. A coat. C. A jacket.

9. Which occasion will the man take part in definitely?

 A. A party . B. A date .C. A wedding.

听第八段材料,回答第1012题。

10. Which team does the man cheer for now?

 A .Seattle.  B. New York.C. Los Angeles.

11. What did the woman think the man liked?

 A. Football. B. Gardening .C. Painting.

12. When do the two speakers plan to go bungee jumping on Saturday?

 A. At 9:00am.  B. At 12:00 noon.C. At 2:00 pm.

 

听第九段材料,回答第1316题。

13. How many persons will share the house?

  A. Two. B. Three. C. Four.

14. Which year of university is the woman in now?

A. The first year.B. The second year.C. The third year.

15. Why doesn't the woman like the second house?

 A. It is too expensive .B. It is not big enough .C. It is not near the university.

16. What do we know about the last house?

 A. It has a big garden. B. It is well furnished. C. The price is attractive.

 

听第十段材料,回答第1720题。

17. What is the first prize?

  A. A two-week holiday. 

B. A 500-pound camera.

  C. Two plane tickets to Jamaica.

18. When will the result of the competition come out?

A. On August25.B. On August 31.C. On September 15.

19. What requirement do the photos need to meet?

 A. They must be in black and white.

 B. They must be taken by kids over 18.

 C. They must have been taken on holiday.

20. What does the speaker remind the competitors to do?

 A. Write their information on the back of the photos.

 B. Take part in next month's super sports competition.

  C. Get their photos back after the competition.

 

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Lost a Phone

UnexpectedlyI lost my white Huawei Phone in Midtown on Friday nightIt had a blue green cover on itThere are many pictures of my daughter on itand I'm heartbroken. Please returnno questions askedRewardReply to-2652255359@craigslist.org

Do You Need a Babysitter that You can trust?

My name is TinaI am a responsible babysitter that you can trustIf you are looking for someone dependable and affordable, I am that person! I HAVE MORE THAN 30 YEARS OF EXPERIENCE(including disabled children)! I am a retired Home Health Aid and absolutely love childrenI work with my sister Iris who has also 20+years as a teacher’s assistantWE LOOK FORWARD TO MEETINC YOU! Available 24 hours and flexible with fees! I am fully bilingual—SpanishEnglishPlease email me or call 712-867-7688

I BABYSIT ONLY AT MY HOME

I accept children from all agesFee starts from$100-$150 a week depending on the hours. I am very flexible and my fee can changeFeel free to contact me via email or on my cell phone 566-67-1873 and we can work something out

21Who posted the lost and found information?

A. A mother  BA kind woman 

CA parent DA heartbroken girl

22If you want to send your kids to the babysitter's homeyou can find one in_____

AAd 1BAd 2C Ad 2 or Ad 3DAd 3

23What do we know about Tina?

AShe lives alone now

BShe can speak two languages.

CShe takes care of children over 3

DShe used to be a teacher’s assistant

 

B

As reported by The Times on July 12, half of primary schools in the UK will soon adopt the traditional Chinese method of maths teaching in a Government drive to stop British children falling behind those in Asian. They will get rid of child-centered styles and instead return to repetition, drills and chalk and talk whole-class learning. Teachers will be offered training, textbooks and advice on how to adopt the Shanghai maths method.

Children in the UK are far behind those in China, Singapore and Japan in international league tables of numeracy(计算能力).  Critics blame progressive teaching styles that focused on applying maths to real-life scenes in an effort to make the subject more interesting. They say this has led to confusion and stopped children learning the basics.

Under the Government’s new plans, children as young as five will have drills to practise sums and exercises, and must master each concept through repetition before moving to the next. Nick Gibb, the schools minister, said that training would be provided for 8,000 primary schools – half the country’s total – to switch to the Shanghai ‘mastery’ approach. “We are seeing a renaissance(复兴) in maths teaching in this country, with good ideas from around the world helping to make our classrooms more lively,” he said, “I am confident that the steps we are taking now will make sure young people are properly prepared for further study and the 21st-century workplace, and that the too often heard phrase can’t do maths is abandoned to the past.” He has promised £41 million to provide textbooks and training for two teachers from each participating school.

But some teaching leaders questioned whether the success of Asian countries was purely down to the style of lessons. James Bowen, director of NAHT Edge, a union for middle school leaders, said: “Part of the success of maths teaching in countries like China comes from the respect in which they hold teachers and the time they give them to plan and prepare. If the Government wanted to import these practices, too, we wouldn’t object.

24. What is the passage mainly about?

A. China has better approaches to teaching maths than Britain.

B. Practice and repetition play an important part in learning maths.

C. Chinese maths teaching methods will come into British primary classrooms.

D. The British government attaches great importance to education.

25. According to the Government’s new plan,______________.

A. 8,000 British schools will have to teach maths in Chinese style.

B. individual-based maths teaching approaches will be adopted.

C. £41million will be provided for the necessary textbooks for teachers.

D. British pupils will be taught maths as a whole class.

26. What is the author’s attitude toward the Government’s new plans ?

A. NegativeB. DoubtfulC. Objective  D. Supportive

27. Why wasn’t James Bowen in favor of the plan ?

A. British has different educational conditions from Asian countries.

B. He didn’t have much confidence in British teachers and children.

C. He didn’t believe in the Chinese maths teaching methods

D. The success of maths teaching in Asian countries is due to teachers.

C

After a serious accident ended his snowboarding career , Kevin Pearce is starting over and looking to a new future.

Kevin Pearce has no memory of the crash that brought his snowboarding career to a sudden stop. On December 31, 2009, he was training for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Park City, Utah, when he fell and hit his head on the edge of the halfpipe.(U型管).

Luckily, he was wearing a helmet. Doctors say it saved his life. But he suffered a brain injury that affected his vision, balance and memory. He spent four months recovering in hospitals. He still can't recall several weeks of his life after the accident. What he does remember is watching the Olympics on TV and seeing Shaun White win the gold. "It was hard lying there in the shape I was in, watching those guys do amazing tricks," admits Pearce.

Today, Pearce's focus is getting his health back to 100%. So far, he's made great progress in his physical therapy (治疗). A year ago, he couldn't walk straight. Now, not only can he walk, he can drive again too.

Pearce says his speedy recovery is the result of his fans, his friends and mostly, his family. His mother, Pia, says her youngest son's attitude helped too. "I knew Kevin was going to find a way to be okay."

These days, Pearce is back on the snowboarding circuit.(环道)Instead of performing tricks, though, he's commenting on them from the broadcasting booth.(小房间)He still longs for competition. But he understands the danger of another fall.

28. The main purpose of the text is to____________.

A. advise people to live a healthy life

B. explain the meaning of fair competition

C. stress the importance of a strong will

D. introduce one popular winter sport.

 

29. Kevin Pearce can say nothing about the accident because he ________.

A. doesn't want to recall the terrible experience

B. wasn't allowed to say anything about it

C. lost the power of speech in the accident

D. has no memory of the accident

30. What can be inferred from the underlined sentence by Pearce's mother in Paragraph 5?

A. She has confidence in her son's recovery.

B. She is very worried about  her son's health.

C. She is thankful to her friends and relatives.

D. She regrets she can't help her son recovery.

31. We can learn from the text that these days Pearce __________.

A. can teach others to snowboard

   B. is still involved with snowboarding

   C. is still lying in bed and watching TV

   D. is learning new tricks from other players

D

We know the famous ones—the Thomas Edisons and the Alexander Graham Bells—but what about the less famous inventors? What about the people who invented the traffic light and the windshield wiper  (雨刮器)?  Shouldn' t we know who they are?

Joan Mclean thinks so. In fact, Mclean, a professor of physics at Mountain University in Range, feels so strongly about this matter that she's developed a course on the topic. In addition to learning “who” invented “what”, however, Mclean also likes her students to learn the answers to the “why” and “how” questions. According to Mclean, “When students learn the answers to these questions, they are better prepared to recognize opportunities for inventing and more motivated to give inventing a try.”

Her students agree. One young man with a patent for an unbreakable umbrella is walking proof of McLean's statement. “If I had not heard the story of the windshield wiper's invention” said Tommy Lee, a senior physics major.“I never would have dreamed of turning my bad experience during a rain storm into something so meaningful.” Lee is currently negotiating(商谈) to sell his patent to an umbrella producer.

So, just what is the story behind the windshield wiper? Well, Mary Anderson came up with the idea in 1902 after a visit to New York City. The day was cold and stormy, but Anderson still wanted to see the sights, so she jumped aboard a streetcar. Noticing that the driver was struggling to see through the snow covering the windshield,  she found herself wondering why there couldn't be a builtin device for cleaning the window. Still wondering about this when she returned home to Birmingham, Alabama, Anderson started working out solutions. One of her ideas, a lever (操作杆) on the inside of a vehicle that would control an arm on the outside, became the first windshield wiper.

Today we benefit from countless inventions and innovations.(创新) It's hard to imagine driving without Garrett AMorgan's traffic light. It's equally impossible to picture a world without Katherine JBlodgett's innovation that makes glass invisible. 

32. By mentioning “traffic light” and “windshield wiper”, the author indicates that countless inventions are________

Abeneficial, though their inventors are less famous

Bbeneficial, because their inventors are famous

Cnot useful, because their inventors are less famous

Dnot useful, though their inventors are famous

33. Professor Joan McLean's course aims to________

Aadd color and variety to students'  campus life

Bprepare students to try their own invention

Ccarry out the requirements by Mountain University

Dinform students of the windshield wiper' s invention

34. Tommy Lee's invention of the unbreakable umbrella was________

Anot eventually accepted by the umbrella producer

Bnot related to Professor Joan McLean's lectures

Cdue to his dream of being caught in a rainstorm

Dinspired by the story behind the windshield wiper

35. Which of the following can best serve as the title of this passage?

A. How to Help Students to Sell Their Inventions to Producers?

BHow to Design a Builtin Device for Cleaning the Window?

CShouldn't We Develop Invention Courses in Universities?

DShouldn't We Know Who Invented the Windshield Wiper?

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Now that spring is here, the days are longer, the sun is shining and you’re longing to get out of the house. But beaches are not open yet,36 . They have always been the perfect cheap getaway for families and adventurers.

While people still camp, hike, and enjoy the fantastic beauty of nature and the wilderness, they have to be more careful. A total of 1,025 people died in national parks from 2007 to 2013 ; 145 people in 2014, up from 129 in 2013. 37   .  Whether you are hiking, camping or simply taking a walk in the park, you must carry necessary items — which includes a flashlight, matches, candles, extra batteries, and food —38.

39. Check the weather forecast before heading out; it may be burning hot in some places, like the Grand Canyon, with temperatures easily climbing over 110 degrees Fahrenheit.

40.You can never be overprepared, especially if you plan a visit to one of the national parks on the following list: Precipice Trail ,Acadia National Park; Bright Angel Trail ,Grand Canyon, Arizona ; Vernal Fall, Yosemite National Park; Huckleberry Mountain, Glacier National Park ; The narrows, Zion National Park.  

A. Pack your backpacks accordingly, depending on the nature of your trip. 

B. The God may be in your favor, but some places are really dangerous.

C. it attracts people to visit American’s National Parks.  

D. Poor weather judgment is usually what gets people in trouble.

E. Sometimes it’s very sunny in the morning, but it starts raining in the afternoon

F. so why not visit one of American’s 58 national parks? 

G. and be ready for the unexpected.

 

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

To me, kindness is a chosen lifestyle. In my classroom, I tell my   41  that every day they are offered a choice. They can’t choose what happens to them, but they can choose how  they 4to it. Kindness is a 43 . And it is a lifestyle. It isn’t something that we just choose once in a while---- it is a(n)  44  to live our lives.

My father was hospitalized with leukemia(白血病) when I was in college. He didn’t choose the cancer. 45   , he chose how to react to it. To this day, seventeen years later ,  the nurses 46  write my mother letters. The 47  ? It was because of my father’s kindness to others even when he was   48  against the disease. He made kindness a lifestyle.

And I want to be 49  him.

Every day as a teacher, I try and teach my students the kindness lifestyle. Just recently, I turned 40 and a friend gave me 40 individual dollar bills. She challenged me to do something   50  with the money. I gladly accepted the challenge.

I gave 40 of my students one dollar each and challenged them to make a(n) 51 . What happened? My Twitter and Instagram were 52   with pictures of kids making the world a better place. One girl bought a dollar store stuffed animal(填充玩具). It was  53 

that kids should have made a difference when they were given the 54  .

Living the kindness lifestyle   55  every day, every opportunity. As a high school teacher, I see 56 everywhere. In the hallways, in the lunchroom, in the locker room,

  57  words and gossip fill the air. So I started a hashtag (标签) to 58  positive gossip called “third party compliments(称赞)”. The idea is that you talk about people behind their backs, but do it in a 59  way. In that way, the gossip that gets back to students makes their day instead of getting them down.

Our kindness lifestyle leaves a footprint on others, and let us be the movers and kindness-makers who   60   a better, more beautiful world. 

41. A. teachers B.classmatesC. students D. friends

42. A. respond  B. refer C. returnD. contribute

43. A. moodB. goal C. benefit   D. choice
44. A. spiritB.  wayC. chance  D. idea
45. A. ThereforeB. Otherwise C. However D. Furthermore
46. A. stillB. never C. once  D. just

47. A. meaning  B. solutionC. purposeD. reason

48. A. working   B. strugglingC. seeking   D. exercise

49. A. against  B. withC. beforeD. like
50. A. reasonableB.  privateC. necessary  D. creative 

51. A. promise   B. difference C. profitD. achievement

52. A. concernedB. equippedC. floodedD. decorated

53. A. confusingB. naturalC. common  D. amazing

54. A  opportunity   B. advertisement C. paymentD. introduction
55. A. means   B. increasesC. makesD. explains

56. A. progress B. negativity   C.  trustD. harmony

57. A. hurtful  B. inspiringC. touching D. humorous
58. A. call off B. call for  C. turn downD. set aside

59. A. honestB. flexible C. positiveD. cautious

60. A. requires  B. allowsC. promotes D. works 

 

 

 

 

 

二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

A poor farmer always admired his best friend could grow wonderful fruit. One day, his friend gave ____61____ farmer an apple tree and told him to take it home and plant it. But when he got home, he felt____62____ difficult to decide where to plant it. He was afraid that people would steal the fruit. After thinking carefully, he decided to plant the tree in a place____63_____no one could find it. Finally, ____64_____(choose) a dark place deep in the woods, he planted it with great care. But ____65____ sunlight and good soil, soon the leaves began to fall down and the ____66____ (branch) began to dry. At last, the tree died. Later, the friend asked the farmer_____67____ he had planted the tree in such a poor place. “Because I didn’t want it _____68______(steal) and hoped to keep it to myself. ”the farmer explained.

“But it died!” said the friend_____69______(angry). “If you had planted it in a good place, at least someone _____70_______( enjoy) the fruit. Now you not only have robbed everyone of the fruit, but also have destroyed a good apple tree!”

 

 

第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35)

第一节   短文改错(10小题:每小题1分,满分10)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处.每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(高考资源网(ks5u.com),中国最大的高考网站,您身边的高考专家。) 并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

 

 

Dear Peter,

I am writing to you regarded the problem of global warming. When I watch TV, I was surprised to watch the weather forecast saying that it was going to be warmer. Was it to  continue, people would have no place to live in. These years, the earth has became warmer and warmer owing humans’ activities. This phenomena has appealed to many scientists, for who want to find out the cause of it. For example, people use too many energy in order to develop economy without caring about the earth. Meanwhile, factories give off too much carbon dioxide what has a great influence on an increase of temperature of the earth.

Yours  sincerely,

  Li Hua

 

 

 

 

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假设你是李华,刚刚参加了在London为中学生举行的为期一周的关于各国传统文化交流的冬令营活动,请你给组织者Mr. Black 写一封邮件表达感谢之意,并请他帮忙寄回你忘记带回的数码相机。

要点如下:1对交流活动的感受。2有关相机的信息及其重要性。3表示感谢。

注意:

1词数100左右;

2可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Mr. Black,

I am Li Hua _______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua


2018年宁夏高考英语模拟冲刺试题【含答案】

第一部分:听力理解(共两节。满分30)

1--5  BCCAB  6--10  ACBCC11--15 ACBBA   16--20  CACBA

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

 21—23. CDB   B24—27.CDCA  28—31.CDAB32—35.ABDD

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10 分)

36-40 FBGDA

第三部分:第一节:完型填空

41-45.CADBC46-50. ADBDD   51-55. BCDAA 56-60.BABCC

第二节:语法填空

61.the 62.it 63.where 64.having chosen 65. without  66.branches  67.why  68 stolen/to be stolen  69.angrily  70.could have enjoyed 

第四部分:第一节:短文改错

1.regarded-regarding 2.watch-watched 3.Was-Were  4.became-become

5.owing后加to  6.phenomena-phenomenon  7.去掉who前面的for

8.many-much  9.what-which  10.an-the

第二节:写作范文

Dear Mr. Black,

I am Li Hua. I am writing to convey my deep gratitude for the winter camp you organized for us teenagers, which is really beneficial to us. During the one-week activity, not only did I broaden my horizon to get familiar with traditional culture of different countries but I made so many foreign friends as well. I had a wonderful time there.

By the way, would you please do me a favor? Because of my carelessness, I left my digital camera in the Room 201 of the hotel where we lived. It contains all the valuable photos I took during the activity, which mean a lot to me. If you could find it, would you please post it to me and I will pay for the postage.

I’d appreciate it if you could assist me to get my precious camera back. Thank you very much.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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