距离2019年高考 还有203

2018年天津高考英语模拟冲刺试题【含答案】

2018-05-04 14:51:54 文/程爽 143次阅读

 

2018年天津高考英语模拟冲刺试题【含答案】

卷(选择题,共95分)

第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. What’s the matter? You really look down.

.

Well, better luck next time.

A. Me? I never look down upon you.B. Mind your own business.

C. I failed an important test. D. I have a bad cold.

2. The quiet life of the country has been hadto me in that I have always regarded the country as something you look as though a train window.

A. appealB. appetite C. affectionD. application

3. I prefer writingletters to talking onphone.

A. the; a B. /; the C. the; the D. /; a

4. Colours like green cana sense of life and quietness to people.

A. acquireB. remark C. investigate D. convey

5. So you saw the accident with your own eyes?

Yes. I for the bus across the street.

A. had been waiting B. have been waitingC. was waitingD. would wait

6. It’s a good idea. But who’s going to the plan.

I think Michael and Ken will.

A. carry out B. take in C. get through D. set aside

7. The rising frequency of smoggy days is making me deeply worried that one day we will have to rely on masks to survive.

! The government really should do something.

A. Good idea B. I got it C. You bet D. That’s all right

8. What ideas the sign over there read?

No personsmoke or carry a lighted cigarette or pipe in this restaurant.

A. willB. shallC. needD. must

9. I’m afraid there’s no good news for you, Tom. Shall I tell your parents or shall I just let them know nothing about the result of this exam?

I’d rather theyknow, sir.

A. don’tB. won’tC. didn’tD. not

10. Ann never dreams ofa chance for her to be sent abroad very soon.

A. beingB. there will beC. there to beD. there being

11. We had to agree to acceptthey thought was the best candidate.

A. howeverB. whoeverC. whereverD. whenever

12. There are still many problems to be solvedwe are ready for a long stay on the Moon.

A. beforeB. onceC. afterD. until

13. Some tradition exercises like jogging, swimming and climbing may help people stay.

A. in placeB. in orderC. in fashionD. in shape

14. Years may wrinkle the skin, but it is to give up enthusiasmwrinkles the soul.

A. whoB. whichC. thatD. when

15. Is this the reasonat the meeting for his carelessness in his work?

A. he explained B. what he explained C. how he explained D. why he explained

第二节:完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16-35题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

Seven-year-old Tom had a physical handicap, but that didn’t stop him from following his dreams .

On a day in early September, U.S. Army Spc.(陆军军士)Larry Harris was doing community16work in Grand Rapids, when he met 7-year-old Tom and his17Christine and Andrew on a sidewalk.

Harris was18his Army uniform and Tom was starstruck(追星族)-his life’s dream was to become a19. But his leg began to hurt20he was 2 years old. By age 5, he was21 with a knee deformity(畸形). Even after five surgeries, the handicap was22a serious obstacle to a military career.

Harris23ways to help. So he began to plan an event for Tom to24on Friday, October 14. Within just a few weeks, he got permission from the United States Army Reserves and the police. The event was a25surprise for Tom.

Around 2:30 p.m. on the afternoon of the big day, police and Army cars26at Stocking Elementary School, where Harris ’s appearance27Tom. 28the two left the school and climbed into one of the awaiting cars. 29the group got to the Army Reserve Center, Harris prepared Tom for the second half of his 30-the boy was going to become an honorary soldier.

Inside, with his parents, and Army personnel31,the ceremony began.32the commander announced that Tom was an honorary soldier, the gathering crowd33into applause and Tom’s mother felt excited. She wanted34to serve the country and the people. With a tear on his cheek, Tom35in agreement. Harris walked over and shook the boy’s hand.

16. A. serviceB. fightC. attackD. destruction

17. A. teachersB. studentsC. parentsD. brothers

18. A. wearingB. taking offC. putting onD. mending

19. A. strangerB. policemanC. runnerD. soldier

20. A. whichB. whenC. thatD. where

21. A. impressedB. checkedC. satisfiedD. diagnosed

22. A. evenB. stillC. otherwiseD. thus

23. A. soughtB. thoughtC. informed ofD. applied for

24. A. grow upB. calm downC. settle downD. take part in

25. A. comfortableB. busyC. totalD. silent

26. A. pulled throughB. pulled downC. pulled backD. pulled up

27. A. appreciatedB. shockedC. depressedD. angered

28. A. HoweverB. ThenC. BesidesD. Though

29. A. whenB. UnlessC. ThoughD. If

30. A. delightB. coincidentC. messageD. surprise

31. A. easyB. independentC. presentD. difficult

32. A. BeforeB. AfterC. AsD. On

33. A. emergedB. floodedC. changedD. burst

34. A. himB. herC. themD. it

35. A. shookB. refusedC. noddedD. doubled

第二部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2.5分,满分50分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Dear Daughters,

Most parents tell their children, "you can be anything you want when you grow up." I feel the same and I say this often. But I also want you to understand that the dream itself comes from hard work, some good luck and good timing.

Girls, here are some words of wisdom as you make your way in the world, from an entrepreneur(企业家)and from your mama.

1. Be open-minded to changing your path (even several times) along the way

In high school, I wanted to be a politician. I left my hometown and went off to college in Washington, DC.There I discovered that I loved to support women. It taught me that I'm creative, a strong leader, and great at marketing. As a result, I moved on to be the head of a national healthcare nonprofit. Becoming a mother while in that job opened my mind to launching a breast pump bag(储奶袋)business. Now I run a highly successful company that I started up on my own.

Figure out what you are good at and what you are passionate about. Keep an open mind, the initial(最初的) path you choose may lead you into other areas.

Don't waste your money or time, but constantly change what you are doing professionally based on what you are learning about yourself.

2. Failure is critical to your success

I won't tell you to feel good about failure. Failure can be heartbreaking. But I will tell you that every failure I've had along the way has absolutely made me better.

Failing the big math exam in high school and going to summer school was embarrassing. I eventually passed, and I've never failed an exam again. I learned from that experience to ask for help. Now, I ask for help in business all the time.

Being passed over for a significant job opportunity that I was more than qualified for because of unfair assumptions (being too young for the role) hurt me. I had a three-month pity party. And then I went out and got a big job at a national organization at age 27. It's okay to get angry! Take that and turn it into positive action.

I'm proud to be a role model to you as a mom and an entrepreneur. I hope I inspire you to believe that you can be anything you want and you can have everything on your list. It will be my pleasure to watch your lives unfold before my eyes.

Love,

Your Mom

36. The author wrote this letter to her daughters mainly to.

A. share her own past regrets with them

B. make some suggestions for their future lives

C. tell them how she has succeeded in business

D. encourage them to be who they want to be

37. According to the article, the author.

A. is a successful politician and entrepreneur

B. is worried about her daughters’ career choices

C. is against frequently changing one’s profession

D. thinks one should be willing to change his or her career path

38. From the letter we can learn the following lessons EXCEPT.

A. kindness is rewarding

B. no sweat, no sweet

C. it’s important to know yourself

D. failure is the mother’s success

39. What did the author learn from her failure?

A. We shouldn’t get angry when we fail.

B. It’s important to turn to others for help.

C. Work hard to make sure you are qualified.

D. Don’t care too much about the injustices you face.

40. Which of the following words best describe the author?

A. Passionate and flexible.

B. Modest and cautious.

C. Caring and generous.

D. Proud and humorous.

B

When you want to throw something out as “junk”, better take a second thought as it may be of great value. In fact, scientists made the same mistake with DNA years ago, and now they are trying to get it right.

We often say that DNA is a kind of acid that contains our genes. But the truth is that genes only make up 1 to 2 percent of our DNA, which caused scientists to believe that the rest of it is useless.

Nevertheless, instead of doing nothing, junk DNA, as it is called, turned out to be playing an important part in our body. If genes are like light bulbs, then junk DNA acts as switches.

They control which genes are used in a cell and how active they are. For example, they can determine whether a cell become a lung cell or a neuron(神经元).

The study, published in the journal Nature on September 5, started in 2003, and 442 scientists from 30 labs around the world were involved, according to Reuters. It is considered the biggest breakthrough in genomics(基因学)in a decade because it might help scientist find the cause of certain diseases.

It has long been known that many complicated diseases, such as cancer, are caused by tiny changes in DNA. But now scientists realize that most of the changes occur not in the genes themselves, but in the “junk” part of the DNA. They are able to keep track of how and why the switches change and then figure out new treatments and drugs.

“Our former understanding of DNA was like getting a picture of Earth from space,” Eric Lander from the Broad Institute, US, told The New York Times “You know the planet is there, but you cannot see exactly what it’s like on the surface.”

But now with the new study results “you can follow the roads and see the traffic circulation. That’s exactly the same way we will use this in cancer research,” explained Mark Rubin from weill Cornell Medical College in New York.

41. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

A. DNA -The Cause of Cancer

B. What Is DNA?

C. A New Discovery for “Junk DNA”

D. A Misunderstanding of Genes

42. What does the underlined phrase “get it right” in the first paragraph refer to?

A. Discovering new types of DNA.

B. Recognizing the importance of junk DNA.

C. Understanding the role genes play in DNA.

D. Telling useful DNA from useless one.

43. The author explains how different parts of DNA work by.

a. introducing a general theory

b. making a metaphor(比喻)

c. giving examples

d. displaying research data

A. b cB. a cC. a dD. c d

44. The results of the study mentioned in the article show that.

A. cancer is caused by tiny changes in genes themselves

B. the study of junk DNA is less important than the study of genes

C. changes in junk DNA do not affect genes

D. junk DNA is very important for the functioning of our calls

45. Which of the following statements might Mark Rubin agree with?

A. The finding of our genes is enough to fight against cancer.

B. The battle against cancer will be won within two years.

C. The finding of junk DNA throws light on how we might cure cancer.

D. The new treatments and drugs will change junk DNA quickly.

C

How did one man prove that small kindnesses add up?

My family first met Wally Urtz, the gentle, modest manager of our local supermarket, on a windy day nearly 20 years ago just after we’d moved to Hasting-on-Hudson, a New York City suburb. As my wife made her way to the store’s exit, attending her groceries and two small children, Wally rushed up beside her. “I’ll get those, young lady,” he said brightly, taking her bags and leading her to the parking lot. Now that may seem like no big deal-except that these days things like that so seldom happen.

Our story, as it turned out, was typical. Among Hasting ’s 8,000 people living here, almost everybody had at least one about Wally ’s politeness and generosity. There were the times he’d reach into his own pocket when someone was short of money; the times hed show small kindnesses to someone whod just lost a loved one or who was in the middle of divorce; the many, many times he’d put himself out for older people.

“He just appreciated that when people get older, their lives get smaller-they don’t drive, their friends have passed on-and how much it means to be treated warmly,” one woman, Kathy Dragan said, “When my mother was in her 80s,it was a treat for her to go to the store.”Wally would call out to the shop clerk and say, “You give her whatever attention she needs.” She’d tell me, “He’s kinder to me than some people I’ve known all my life.”

Yet few of us fully understood what Wally meant to the people’s life of our community-until he was sent to another store 20 miles away. For some unknown reason, the Food Emporium chain had decided to replace 67-year-old Wally after 26 years due to “operational issues related to operating a store the size of the one in Hastings.”

No one could believe it. Word spread quickly. Neighbors called each other seeking the feeling of emotional comfort. Some planned to bring Wally back and staged protest marches outside the store. Other flooded the local newspaper with angry letters. The mayor took up the cause. Even the police tried to set things right.

A grocer seems an unlikely figure to set off such an emotional outpouring(流露). What he did shows the remarkable effect Wally-a man of endless warmth and good humor-had on people.

46. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. Wally Urtz is always ready to help others every day.

B. Wally Urtz is a man who wants to draw attention to him.

C. Wally Urtz helped the author’s wife on purpose.

D. The author had known Wally Urtz before we moved to Hastings-on-Hudson.

47. The purpose of Kathy Dragan’s words in paragraph 4 is to show.

A. in the whole life of Kathy Dragan’s mother, Wally is the kindest person to her

B. when people get older, they would like to live by themselves

C. Wally had always cared about helping the older people

D. you should give your old mother whatever attention she needs

48. What’s people’s reaction to Wally Urtz’s being moved away?

A. No one paid much attention to it.

B. Many people objected to it in different ways.

C. The police supported it will all their heart.

D. The mayor thought it was a good idea.

49. It can be inferred from the passage that.

A. A person in the grocery can easily express his felling out to others.

B. A person full of warm- heartedness and humor has a great influence on people.

C. The mayor didn’t look into the reason of people’s emotional outpouring.

D. The author had joined in the plan of bringing Wally back.

50. Which of the following is the best title of this passage?

A. Wally Urtz and Old people

B. A Food Shopping Grocer

C. Wally Urtz’s Being Moved Away

D. The Heart of Town-a Man of Endless Warmth

D

Air pollution is getting more and more serious in many places around the world. The fact that public parks in cities become crowded proves that people long to breathe in green, open spaces. And, in these surroundings, they are generally both peaceful and peaceable. It is rare to see people being at odds or even fighting in a garden. It seems to be proved that if human beings can freely breathe and share air, there is no primary reason for them to struggle with one another.

But do we only sense what life could be when we enjoy green spaces?

The plant would silently shows us what a reflection of life truthfully is. It also helps us to a new beginning urging us to care for our breath. We must, in turn, care for it, opposing any sort of pollution that destroys both our world and that of plans. The interdependence to which we must pay the closest attention is what exists between ourselves and the plant world. Often described as “the lungs of the planet”, the woods that cover the earth offer us the gift of breathable air by releasing oxygen .But their capacity to renew the air polluted by industry has long reached its limit. If we continue to pollute the air by filling it with chemicals and destroy the ability of plans to restore it we will soon pull our world into an unavoidable disaster.

Humans must learn to share life, both with each other and with plans. This task can be carried out only when each tasks it upon her-or himself-and only when all work together. The lesson taught by plants is that human life can only exist with nature. We must come to view the air, the plants and ourselves as the countries to the protection of life and growth, rather than productive objects we can use and throw away freely. Perhaps then we would finally begin to live, rather than merely survive.

51. What does the underlined part “being at odds” mean?

A. relaxingB. exercisingC. conflictingD. hurrying

52. According to the first paragraph, what does the author suppose might be the primary reason that people would struggle with each other?

A. To get their share of clean air.B. To purpose a comfortable life.

C. To gain a higher social status.D. To seek economic benefits.

53. What does the author try to draw our closest attention to?

A. The massive burning of fossil fuels.

B. Our relationship to the plant world.

C. The capacity of plans to renew polluted air.

D. Large-scale deforestation across the world.

54. How can human beings achieve the goal of protecting the planet, according to the author?

A. By showing respect for plants.B. By preserving all forms of life.

C. By consuming all natural resources.D. By all making their efforts together.

55. What does the author suggest we do in order to not just survive, but lives better?

A. Expand the range of living.B. Developing nature’s potentials.

C. Share life with nature.D. Explore new resources.

卷非选择题(共35分)

第一节:阅读表达(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

阅读短文,按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

When people think of New York City, most of them probably picture the attractive lifestyles of the rich and famous or think of Broadway, Times Square and other tourist attractions. However, there is another side of New York City. The summer after tenth grade, I went with my group on a mission trip to New York City for a week.

I had always known that poverty existed in major cities, but I had never seen it to a degree as high as we did there. We worked at several different locations with our small groups. One day, we served at a soup kitchen and what I saw astounded me. I couldn’t believe my eyes. We saw people from all walks of life. We met people who came there because they had no job, no home and no money.

Another day, we volunteered at a homeless shelter. We helped people there do some cleaning and spent time talking to them and listening to their stories. It was incredible to see how thankful they were to us for just spending a couple of hours talking to them.

Every person we met on that trip had a unique story. Whatever their stories were, there was a common thread we saw in them — hope and thanks. These were people who had nothing and yet they were so hopeful about their futures and they were thanking us.

My experience during that summer changed my life. I used to picture my future as containing a big house and a lot of money, but now I see my future as helping others. After college, I would really like to work for some sort of global aid organization that deals with the social issues, such as poverty and homelessness.

56. What do most people have in mind when thinking of New York City? (no more than 10 words

 

57. What does the underlined word “astounded” in Paragraph 2 mean? (1 word)

 

58. What did the author discover in the people at the homeless shelter? (No more than 15 words)

 

59. What kind of organizations the author want to work for after college? (No more than 10 words)

 

60. How does the author’s experience inspire you? (No more than 20 words)

 

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

假设你是红星中学李津,你的美国笔友John发来邮件,他对天津行的一种共享单车“mobile”很感兴趣,并希望你能做简单介绍请你根据以下提示,给John写一封回信。

要点包括:

1.使用方便(APP查看车辆,扫二维码开锁)

2.容易找到便于存车

3.其他优点(该部分内容自拟至少两点)

注意:短文字数不少于100

参考词汇:

智能手机 smart phone

扫二维码 scan the QR Code

 

 

 

 

2018年天津高考英语模拟冲刺试题【含答案】

 

单项填空

1-5 CABDC6-10ACBCD11-15BADCA

完形填空

16-20 ACADB21-25DBADC26-30DBBAD31-35CBDAC

阅读理解

36-40 BDABA41-45CBADC46-50ACBBD51-55CABDC

阅读表达

56. People/They think it has attractive lifestyles and tourist attractions.

57. Surprised. /Astonished./Shocked./Startled.

58. They were poor but very hopeful about their futures, and thankful/grateful to the helpers.

OR: They had nothing but had hope for their futures and thanks/gratitude in their heart.

59. A/A certain/Some global aid organization that deals with the social issues.

60. He shows me how important it is to help other people and contribute to society.

书面表达

Dear John,

I'm writing in response to your inquiry about “mobike” mentioned in your email. As is known by you, nowadays, the phenomenon that people are sharing bike is becoming increasingly popular. The reasons are as follows:

First of all, it is very convenient to use a mobike if you have a smart phone. What you need to do is find a nearest mobike through the APP, scan the QR Code on it, and enjoy your trip. Secondly, you can easily find one and there is no need to worry about where to park it. Thirdly, sharing bike is a good way to work out, which is beneficial to us both physically and mentally. Last but not least, it is becoming a new trend as a means of transport, which relieves the traffic pressure and does good to our environment as well.

Hope to ride a mobike with you in Tianjin.

Yours,

Li Jin

 

以上关于《2018年天津高考英语模拟冲刺试题【含答案】》由有途高考网http://www.ccutu.com/编辑整理,若想转载请注明出处,如果发现本文中引用了您的版权文章请联系我们及时删除。