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2018年安徽高考英语冲刺模拟试卷【含答案】

2018-04-14 15:15:20 文/苏晓越 85次阅读

2018年安徽高考英语冲刺模拟试卷【含答案】

 

2018安徽高考英语冲刺模拟试卷【含答案】

    本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第(非选择题)两部分,第Ⅰ卷第1至第l4页,第Ⅱ卷第l5至第l6页。全卷满分l50分,考试时间l20分钟。(Zxxk.Com)

(Zxxk.Com)

  第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30)(Zxxk.Com)

  回答听力部分时,请先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束前,你将有两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。(Zxxk.Com)

第一节(5小题;每小题l.5分,满分7.5)(Zxxk.Com)

    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后;你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。(Zxxk.Com)

例:How much is the shirt?(Zxxk.Com)

    A.£l9.15    B.£9.15    C.£9.18(Zxxk.Com)

答案是B(Zxxk.Com)

1. What do the speakers need to buy?(Zxxk.Com)

      A. A fridge.           B. A dinner table.          C. A few chairs,(Zxxk.Com)

2. Where are the speakers?(Zxxk.Com)

     A. In a restaurant.       B. In a hotel.              C. In a school.(Zxxk.Com)

3. What does the woman mean?(Zxxk.Com)

     A. Cathy will be at the party. (Zxxk.Com)

B. Cathy is too busy to come. (Zxxk.Com)

C. Cathy is going to be invited.(Zxxk.Com)

4. Why does the woman plan to go to town?(Zxxk.Com)

     A. To pay her bills in the bank.(Zxxk.Com)

B. To buy books in a bookstore.(Zxxk.Com)

C. To get some money from the bank,(Zxxk.Com)

5. What is the woman trying to do?(Zxxk.Com)

     A. Finish some writing. (Zxxk.Com)

B. Print an article.(Zxxk.Com)

     C. Find a newspaper,(Zxxk.Com)

第二节(l5小题;每小题l.5分,满分22.5)(Zxxk.Com)

    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。(Zxxk.Com)

听第6段材料,回答第67题。(Zxxk.Com)

6. What is the man doing?(Zxxk.Com)

     A. Changing seats on the plane.   (Zxxk.Com)

B. Asking for a window seat. (Zxxk.Com)

C. Trying to find his seat.(Zxxk.Com)

7. What is the woman's seat number?(Zxxk.Com)

     A. 6A.               B. 7A.               C. 8A.(Zxxk.Com)

听第7段材料,回答第89题。(Zxxk.Com)

8Why doesn’t the woman take the green T-shirt?(Zxxk.Com)

  AIt’s too smallBIt’s too darkC. It’s too expensive(Zxxk.Com)

9What does the woman buy in the end?(Zxxk.Com)

  A. A yellow T-shirtBA blue T-shirt(Zxxk.Com)

  CA pink T-shirt(Zxxk.Com)

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。(Zxxk.Com)

10How long has the man been in London?(Zxxk.Com)

    AOne year(Zxxk.Com)

    BA few years(Zxxk.Com)

    CA couple of months(Zxxk.Com)

11Why did the woman leave her hometown?(Zxxk.Com)

  ATo lead a city life(Zxxk.Com)

BTo open a restaurant             

CTo find a job(Zxxk.Com)

12Where did the woman come from?(Zxxk.Com)

    ALondonBArnsideC Lancaster(Zxxk.Com)

听第9段材料,回答第l3l6题。(Zxxk.Com)

13What is a daypack?(Zxxk.Com)

AA boxBA bagCA lock(Zxxk.Com)

14What surprises the girl at school?(Zxxk.Com)

    AA lot of discussions in class(Zxxk.Com)

    B Teachers giving little homework(Zxxk.Com)

    C Few students asking questions in class(Zxxk.Com)

15At what time of the school term does the conversation most probably take place?(Zxxk.Com)

    AAt the end of it(Zxxk.Com)

    BIn the middle of it(Zxxk.Com)

    CAt the beginning of it(Zxxk.Com)

16What do we know about the girl?(Zxxk.Com)

    AShe is new to the school(Zxxk.Com)

    BShe writes for the school newspaper(Zxxk.Com)

C. She seldom asks questions in class(Zxxk.Com)

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。(Zxxk.Com)

17What does Mr. Henry Stone do?(Zxxk.Com)

AA bank clerk(Zxxk.Com)

BA teacher(Zxxk.Com)

    CA writer(Zxxk.Com)

18What does Henry like doing at airports?(Zxxk.Com)

    AWatching people.  (Zxxk.Com)

BTelling stories(Zxxk.Com)

    CReading magazines(Zxxk.Com)

19. What did Henry learn from the newspaper that day?(Zxxk.Com)

AA valuable suitcase was missing

B .A man stole money from a bank

CA woman ran away from home(Zxxk.Com)

20Why was the woman at the airport? (Zxxk.Com)

    AShe was traveling on business(Zxxk.Com)

BShe was seeing the man off(Zxxk.Com)

    CShe was leaving for Greece(Zxxk.Com)

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)(Zxxk.Com)

第一节        单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)(Zxxk.Com)

ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。(Zxxk.Com)

: It is generally considered unwise to give a child    he or she wants.(Zxxk.Com)

    A. however           B. whatever

C. whichever          D. whenever(Zxxk.Com)

答案是B(Zxxk.Com)

21. We can never expect    bluer sky unless we create     less polluted world.(Zxxk.Com)

     A. a; a                                   B. a; the(Zxxk.Com)

     C. the; a                                 D. the; the(Zxxk.Com)

22. – I wonder how much you charge for your services.

     -- The first two are free       the third costs $30.

     A. while                                B. until

     C. when                                D. before

23. Daniel's family     their holiday in Huangshan this time next week.

     A. are enjoying                          B. are to enjoy

     C. will enjoy                            D. will be enjoying

24. -- Do you think it's a good idea to make friends with your students?

     --        , I do. I think it's a great idea.

     A. Really                             B. Obviously

     C. Actually                            D. Generally

25. Just as Professor Scotti often         it, success is ninety-nine percent mental attitude.

     A. gets                                   B. makes

     C. puts                                   D. means

26. -- Could you be so kind as to close the window?

     A. With pleasure                          B. Go ahead

     C. Yes, please                             D. That's OK

27A good friend of mine from          I was born showed up at my home right before I left for Beijing

Ahow                   Bwhom

Cwhen                  Dwhich

28The play          next month aims mainly to reflect the local culture

    Aproduced              Bbeing produced

    Cto be produced          Dhaving been produced

29Some people who don’t like to talk much are not necessarily shythey _____       just be quiet people

    Amust                   Bmay

    Cshould                 Dwould

30Many children         parents are away working in big citiesare taken good care of in the village

Atheir                   Bwhose

Cof them                 Dwith whom

31China has got a good          for fighting against the flu with its careful and smooth organization

Areputation              Binfluence

Cimpression              Dknowledge

32         a certain doubt among the people as to the practical value of the project

    AIt has                    BThey have

    CIt remains                DThere remains

33We tried to find a table for sevenbut they were all        

    Agiven away                Bkept away

    Ctaken up                  Dused up

34But for their helpwe         the program in time

    Acan not finish            Bwill not finish

    Chad not finished          Dcould not have finished

35I'm amazed to hear from my school teacher again         it is ten years since we met last

    AIn a word                 BWhat’s more

    CThat’s to say              DBelieve it or not

第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABC、和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

After spending a weekend away with my adult son, I was so impressed by his generous heart that I sent him this letter.

  Dear son,

      I want to thank you for teaching me a very 36  lesson in life by the great example you   37 . When we were eating at that café in Bondi and a person who had 38 his hamburger didn’t have enough money to pay for it, without any 39  , you went over and put the 40  $2 into his hand.

      When we were leaving, you  41 threw a five-cent coin onto the pavement and said 42 like, Some kid will really enjoy 43  this.

      Last week, a young man 44  me in the line at a petrol station didnt have 45  money to pay for his petrol. I asked the money collector, How much 46 is he? She told me he had meant to put $15 of petrol in his car 47  he had been looking at the wrong gauge(计量表) and had put in 15 48 , which came to just over 49 . That is an easy mistake   50  both gauges run fast.

      Something made me think of you and 51   you did that night at the café in Bondi. I handed the man $6. He was so 52  and said, But why would you do this for me? I just smiled as I thought of you.

     Thank you, son, for teaching me that its 53  to give than receive. Now when I see a five-cent coin on the 54 and want to pick it up, I think of you and leave it  55 , just in case some kid will get a kick out of finding it.

                                           Love always, Mum

 

36. A. humorous          B. private           C. reasonable      D. valuable

37. A. followed           B. gave             C. set            D. took

38. A. ordered            B. booked           C. offered        D. bought

39. A. hesitation          B. doubt             C. permission     D. difficulty

40. A. other             B. last              C. extra          D. rest

41. A. again             B. already           C. only          D. also

42A. nothing          B. everything         C. anything      Dsomething

43Afinding         Baccepting         Clooking for   Dpointing at

44.  Abehind         Bbeyond           Cahead of     Dnext to

45Amuch           Bsome            Cany         Denough

46Afar             B1ong             Cshort       Dhigh

47Aand             Bbut              Cso          Dwhile

48A1itres           Bkilograms         Cpounds      Dkilometres

49A$15             B$20            C$25         D$30

50Auntil            Bas               Calthough     Dunless

51Awhat       Bwhich      Cwhatever     Dwhichever

52Aexcited     Bsurprised    Cinterested   Dencouraged

53Aeasier      Bbetter       Cfaster        Dworse

54Acorner      Bway        Cground      Dcarpet

55Athere      Bhere        Cout         Daround

    第三部分    阅读理解(20小题;每小题2分,满分40)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Remembering names is an important social skillHere are some ways to master it

Recite and repeat in conversation

    When you hear a person’s namerepeat itImmediately say it to yourself several times without moving your lipsYou could also repeat the name in a way that does not sound forced or artificial

   Ask the other person to recite and repeat

    You can let other people help you remember their namesAfter you’ve been introduced to someoneask that person to spell the name and pronounce it correctly for youMost people will be pleased by the effort you’re making to learn their names

    Admit you don’t know

    Admitting that you can’t remember someone’s name can actually make people relaxedMost of them will feel sympathy if you say“I’m working to remember names betterYours is right on the tip of my tongueWhat is it again?”

    Use associations

    Link each person yon meet with one thing you find interesting or unusualFor exampleyou could make a mental note: "Vicki Cheng -- tall, black hair.” To reinforce (加强) your associations, write them on a small card as soon as possible.

     Limit the number of new names you learn at one time.

     When meeting a group of people, concentrate on remembering just two or three names. Free yourself from remembering every one. Few of the people in mass introductions expect you to remember their names. Another way is to limit yourself to learning just first names. Last names can come later.

    Go early.

     Consider going early to conferences, parties and classes. Sometimes just a few people show up on time. That's fewer names for you to remember. And as more people arrive, you can hear them being introduced to others -- an automatic review for you.

56. How will most people feel when you try hard to remember their names?

A. They will be moved.                   B. They will be annoyed.

C. They will be delighted.                 D. They will be discouraged.

57. If you can't remember someone's name, you may __

     A. tell him the truth                       B. tell him a white lie

     C. ask him for pity                        D. ask others to help you

58. When you meet a group of people, it is better to remember __

     A. all their names                        B. a couple of names first

     C. just their last names                    D. as many names as possible

59. What does the text mainly tell us?

     A. Tips on an important social skill.       B. Importance of attending parties.

C. How to make use of associations.      D. How to recite and repeat names.

B

     The year 2009 is the Year of Ox. The ox is a representative of the farming culture of China. In the farming economy (经济), oxen are the major animals pulling plows ().

     Of course, the good of oxen is not limited to plowing.  In fact, they are seen as "boats on land" for their ability to carry loads. Besides, the whole body of an ox is full of treasures. Their meat and milk are food full of nutrition, and their skin can be used to make clothes and shoes. With all these qualities, oxen are regarded as generous creatures.

     In the past, oxen played an important role in the spiritual life of the Chinese. Even today, oxen still play a special part in some folk activities. For example, some people who1ive in southwest China will cook cattle bone soup and share it among family members when holding the ceremony for children who reach 13. They believe that the cattle bone soup represents the blood relationship among family members. In order to express their love for oxen, people in some other areas will run to shake off diseases on the 16th day of the first month by the lunar calendar (农历), and during their run they will take their oxen along, which indicates they regard the creature as human.

     Because of the contribution of oxen in their lives, the Chinese people are very grateful to the animal. In addition, the use of oxen in ceremonies and the thanks people owe to oxen help to develop various traditional customs, which becomes an important part of the folk culture of the Chinese nation.

60. The words "boats on land" underlined in Paragraph 2 refer to __

     A. animals for taking goods             B. creatures for pulling plows

     C. treasures of the folk culture           D. tools in the farming economy

6l. From the third paragraph, we know that __

     A. oxen are no more important today than in the past

     B. ceremonies are held when people cook cattle bone soup

C. oxen are treated as human in some areas of China

     D. people run with oxen to shake off diseases every month

62. Which of the following helps to develop traditional customs?

     A. The special role of oxen in farming.

B. People's respect and love for oxen.

C. The practical value of an ox's body.

D. The contribution of oxen to the economy.

63. Why does the author write the text?

     A. To stress the importance of oxen in farming.

B. To introduce the Chinese folk culture.

     C. To describe how to celebrate the Year of Ox.

     D. To explain how to develop agriculture with oxen.

 

C

     Sometimes, the simplest ideas are the best. For example, to absorb heat from the sun to heat water, you need large, flat, black surfaces. One way to do that is to build those surfaces specially, on the roofs of buildings. But why go to all that trouble when cities are full of black surfaces already, in the form of asphalt (柏油) roads?

     Ten years ago, this thought came into the mind of Arian de Bondt, a Dutch engineer. He finally persuaded his boss to follow it up. The result is that their building is now heated in winter and cooled in summer by a system that relies on the surface of the road outside.

      The heat-collector is a system of connected water pipes. Most of them run from one side of the street to the other, just under the asphalt road. Some, however, dive deep into the ground.

      When the street surface gets hot in summer, water pumped through the pipes picks up this heat and takes it underground through one of the diving pipes. At a depth of 100 metres lies a natural aquifer (蓄水层) into which several heat exchangers (交换器) have been built. The hot water from the street runs through these exchangers, warming the ground-water, before returning to the surface through another pipe. The aquifer is thus used as a heat store.

      In winter, the working system is changed slightly. Water is pumped through the heat exchangers to pick up the heat stored during summer. This water goes into the building and is used to warm the place up. After performing that task, it is pumped under the asphalt and its remaining heat keeps the road free of snow and ice.

64. Which of the following is true according to the first two paragraphs?

      A. Arian de Bondt got his idea from his boss.

      B. Large, flat, black surfaces need to be built in cities.

C. The Dutch engineer's system has been widely used.

D. Heat can also be collected from asphalt roads.

65. For what purpose are the diving pipes used?

      A. To absorb heat from the sun.

B. To store heat for future use.

C. To turn solar energy into heat energy.

      D. To carry heat down below the surface.

66. From the last paragraph we can learn that __

      A. some pipes have to be re-arranged in winter

      B. the system can do more than warming up the building

      C. the exchangers will pick up heat from the street surface

      D. less heat may be collected in winter than in summer

 

D

Timetable

 

67. What is most likely to be discussed in the paragraph that follows?

      A. What we shall do if the system goes wrong.

      B. What we shall do if there are no asphalt roads.

C. How the system cools the building in summer.

D. How the system collects heat in spring and autumn.

68Which of the following is true of the membership card?

    AIts number is l0865 305305

    BIt belongs to Mr.EMDriscoll

    CIt is valid through the year of 2010

    DIt gets the owner a discount when used

69If one wants to attend a business lunch in London at l200, the latest train that he should take at Oxford leaves at        

    A1145    B1115    C1035       D1005

70If you would like to have some vegetable beef, what may be your choice?

    AFrench Slam®        BChicken-Fried Steak®

CThe Super Bird®       DSandwich with Salad or Soup®

71The chart shows that from 2005 to 2008       

    Athe percentage of the Spanish families with a computer rose 35 points

    Bthe percentage of the White families with a computer remained unchanged

    Cthe number of the Black families with a computer was on the decrease

    Dthe number of the Asian families with a computer showed the sharpest increase

E

   A rainforest is an area covered by tall trees with the total high rainfall spreading quite equally through the year and the temperature rarely dipping below l6Rainforests have a great effect on the world environment because they can take in heat from the sun and adjust the climateWithout the forest coverthese areas would reflect more heat into the atmospherewarming the rest of the world. Losing the rainforests may also influence wind and rainfall patternspotentially causing certain natural disasters all over the world

   In the past hundred yearshumans have begun destroying rainforests in search of three major resources(资源)land for cropswood for paper and other productsland for raising farm animalsThis action affects the environment as a wholeFor examplea lot of carbon dioxide (二氧化碳)in the air comes from burning the rainforestsPeople obviously have a need for the resources we gain from cutting trees but we will suffer much more than we will benefit.

   There are two main reasons for thisFirstlywhen people cut down treesgenerally they can only use the land for a year or twoSecondlycutting large sections of rainforests may provide a good supply of wood right nowbut in the long run it actually reduces the world’s wood supply

    Rainforests are often called the world’s drug storeMore than 25of the medicines we use today come from plants in rainforestsHoweverfewer than lof rainforest plants have been examined for their medical valueIt is extremely likely that our best chance to cure diseases lies somewhere in the world’s shrinking rainforests

72Rainforests can help to adjust the climate because they               

  Areflect more heat into the atmosphere

  Bbring about high rainfall throughout the world

  Crarely cause the temperature to drop lower than l6

  Dreduce the effect of heat from the sun on the earth

73What does the word “this” underlined in the third paragraph refer to?

  AWe will lose much more than we can gain

  BHumans have begun destroying rainforests

  CPeople have a strong desire for resources

  DMuch carbon dioxide comes from burning rainforests

74It can be inferred from the text that     .   

  Awe can get enough resources without rainforests

  Bthere is great medicine potential in rainforests

  Cwe will grow fewer kinds of crops in the gained land

  Dthe level of annual rainfall affects wind patterns

75What might be the best title for the text?

  AHow to Save Rainforests

  BHow to Protect Nature

  CRainforests and the Environment

  DRainforests and Medical Development绝密启用前

2009年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)

英    语

第Ⅱ卷

考生注意事项:

请用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上作答,在试题卷上答题无效。

第四部分   写作(共两节,满分35)

  第一节   任务型读写(10小题;每小题1分,满分10)

  阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。

注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

     Many people need guidance in choosing a career (职业). Fortunately, there is much information on the Web about job opportunities (机会). With all the information available, it's not surprising that people can feel confused. So if you're ready to start your first job or change careers, where do you begin?

     The Occupation Handbook is a good resource.  Regularly updated, the Handbook is available as a book and on-line. Not only is information provided about the United States as a whole, but readers can easily search for information about their particular state. You can read about the fastest-growing occupations in the area where you live and find out what they are like. You can also learn how to apply for jobs.

     Take, for example, Nadia's situation. Nadia was a doctor's assistant in Iran, and her goal in the United States is to become a nurse. However, she needs to work while she is studying nursing. She is interested in becoming a medical assistant to help work her way through college.  When going on-line to the Handbook and searching under "medical assistant", Nadia is happy to read that this is expected to be one of the fastest-growing careers through 2010. Besides, job opportunities are even better for people with experience. She discovers that medical assistants not only have to do some office work, but have medical responsibilities as well. Nadia decides this job will be interesting and will also provide excellent experience for her nursing career.

     The Occupation Handbook is just an example of websites that can help you plan a new career. When you have found information about some different careers, you will be ready to talk to career advisers. Choosing your future career is an extremely important decision. It's worth taking the time and finding as much information as you can.

    第二节    书面表达(满分25)

    假设你正在参加全省中学生英语演讲比赛,请你针对有些父母经常翻看孩子日记或书包这一现象,写一篇演讲稿,陈述你的观点。

    演讲稿的主要内容应包括:

认为同学们不必为此苦恼;

希望能够体谅父母的苦衷;

建议与父母进行交流和沟通。

注意:

    1.词数100左右;

    2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

    3.开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

     Good morning, ladies and gentleman.

     Some of us are having problems with our parents, as they often look into our school bags or read our diaries.                                                                          

 

Thank you!

 

 

2018安徽高考英语冲刺模拟试卷参考答案

第一部分

    1.C    2.B   3.A   4.C    5.A    6.C    7.B    8.A    9.C    10.B

    11.C  12.B   13.B  14.C   15.C   16.A   17.C   18.A   19.B   20.B

第二部分

    21.A  22.A   23.D   24.C   25.C   26.A   27.C   28.C   29.B   30.B

    31.A  32.D   33.C   34.D   35.D   36.D   37.C   38.A   39.A   40.C

    41.D  42.D   43.A   44.C   45.D   46.C   47.B   48.A   49.B   50.B   

51.A  52.B   53.B   54.C   55.A

第三部分

    56.C  57.A  58.B  59.A  60.A  61.C  62.B  63.B  64.D  65.D

    66.B  67.C  68.D  69.C  70.D  71.D  72.D  73.A  74.B  75.C

第四部分

第一节

   76. Web/Website/Net/Internet      77. confusing

   78. regular                     79. application

   80. Situation                   81. money

   82. experience                 83. responsibilities

   84. consulting/asking            85. worthwhile

第二节 One possible version

    Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.

    Some of us are having problem with our parents, as they often look into our school bags or read our diaries. I fully understand why we are not comfortable about it, but there’s no need to feel too sad. Our parents are checking our bags or diaries to make sure we’re not getting into any trouble. They have probably heard some horrible stories about other kids and thought we might do the same. Or perhaps they just want to connect with us but are doing it all wrong. My suggestion is: Tell them we want them to trust us as much as we’d like to trust them. If you don’t think you can talk to them, write them a letter and leave it lying around ---- they are bound to read it.

    Thank you!

 

 

 

 

 

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