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2018年山西高考英语模拟冲刺试题【含答案】

2018-04-13 11:44:56 文/程爽 33次阅读

2018年山西高考英语模拟冲刺试题【含答案】

选择题

第一部分 听力

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

本部分共两节,满分30分。

第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. 19.15B. 9.15 C. 9.18

答案是B.

1. What will the man probably do after the conversation?

  A. Wait thereB. Sit down  C. Find a man

2. Who are the speakers talking about?

  A. An actor B. A writer  C. A waiter

3. Where does the conversation take place?

  A. At an airport  B. On a bus  C. On a plane

4. When will the woman leave for New York?

A. On MondayB. On Tuesday C. On Wednesday

5. Why is the man worried?

A. There will be a test tomorrow

B. He has a lot of homework to do

C. The woman is unwilling to help him

第二节  (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6. What did the man buy in Xian?

A. An ancient jarB. A wonderful knife C. A set of china

7. When will the woman go to the mans house?

A. This Saturday evening

B. This Sunday evening

C. Next Saturday evening

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8. When is Alices birthday?

A. Tomorrow

B. The day after tomorrow

C. The day before yesterday

9. What will the man and the woman buy for Alice?

A. Some flowers  B. A recordC. Some chocolate

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10. How many ties does the man have at least?

A. Four B. Five C. Six

11. Where did the man put his green tie?

A. On the deskB. In the boxC. In his drawer

12. What can we learn about Sue?

A. She will meet the Johnsons

B. She will go to the party

C. She will look after the children

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. What is Mr. Smith?

A. A teacherB. A writer C. A bookseller

14. How many books do the speakers plan to buy?

A. TwoB. Three C. Five

15. What is the speakers main problem with the books?

A. The books cost too much

B. The books are difficult to read

C. They want the same book

16. What does the girl suggest they do?

A. They buy their favorite books

B. They each pay half of the cost

C. They spend fifty dollars on the books

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. When did the couple go to London?

A. Last spring B. Last summer  C. Last autumn

18. How did the couple get around in London?

A. By taxi B. By busC. On foot

19. Which place didnt they go to during their stay in London?

A. Buckingham Palace B. The British Museum C. The National Gallery

20. What is their favorite in London?

A. Having good mealsB. Going shoppingC. Going to the theatre

第二部分 阅读理解

本部分共两节,满分60分。

第一节(共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项ABCD中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Junot Diaz, The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao

The winner in Culture critics’ survey is Junot Diazs first novel, about a bookworm called Oscar, who dreams of finding love. It also was named as the number-one book by the most critics. “It is a big deal for me to fall in love with a book whose topic is science fiction, fantasy and imagination,” says Elizabeth Taylor, the Chicago Tribune’s literary editor.

Edward P. Jones, The Known World 

Set in 1855 on the plantation of Henry Townsend——born a slave, now a slave-owner---The Known World is a success, leading readers into a complex moral time without making simple judgments. Facing an early death, Townsend thinks about the future of his 50-acre Virginia plantation and the slaves he treats the way his former owner, now his teacher, taught him.

Hilary Mantel , Wolf Hall

 Mantel’s boldly reimagined legend of 16th Century Europe, told from the point of Thomas Cromwell, winning the Man Booker and National Book Critics Circle awards, was adapted to the stage and has been filmed as a new BBC miniseries(短剧). Mary Ann Gwinn, Seattle Times book editor writes, “I have never felt so completely buried into a character’s mind, not to mention a long ago and far-away place.”

Marilynne Robinson, Gilead

 Rev John Ames, a small town minister, describes his life and anti-slavery tradition to his young son in beautiful language in this first part of Robinson’s trilogy (along with Home and Lila). “ I can’t think of a living novelist who writes more seriously and profoundly about religious faith, which has become an almost forbidden topic in modern literature,” writes Dawn Raffel, who ranked Gilead first on her list. Critic Karen R. Long says, “ This multi-generational story tells a desire for transcendence (超越), and makes a case for spiritual life in the 21st century----its own kind of miracle. Gilead will be read in 100 years.”

21. What can we learn from the passage?

 A. Oscar likes reading books.B. Townsend worked in a church.

 C. Rev John Ames likes farming.D. Thomas Gromwell won an Oscar Award.

22. What does Mary Ann Gwinn think of the book “Wolf Hall”? 

 A. She thinks it’s too dull. B. She doesn't like the character in the book.

C. She thinks it’s fascinating.  D. She doesn’t like some contents in the book. 

23. Which of the following books will have a far-reaching influence in the future?

A. Gilead. B. Wolf Hall  

C. The Known WorldD. The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao

B

Something Fun

A person is on trial for murder in a court room in Oklahoma. There is strong evidence indicating guilt. However, the body is not found.

In the defense's(辩护)closing statement, the lawyer, knowing that his client is guilty and that it looks like he'll probably be convicted, resorted to a clever trick.

"Ladies and gentlemen of the jury(陪审团), I have a surprise for you all," the lawyer says as he looks at his watch." Within one minute, the person assumed dead in this case will walk into this court room," he says and he looks towards the court-room door. The jury, somewhat surprised, looks at the door eagerly. A minute passes. Nothing happens.

Finally the lawyer says," Actually, I made up the previous statement. But you all waited with expectation. I, therefore, put it to you that there is a reasonable doubt in this case as to whether anyone was killed and insist that you return a verdict(裁决)of no guilty.

The jury, clearly confused, retires to discuss.

A very few minutes later, the jury returned and a representative pronouns a verdict of guilty.

“But how?” inquires the lawyer. “You must have had some doubt; I saw all of you stare at the door.”  

Answers the representative, “Oh, we did look. But your client didn’t.”

24. Why was the person on trial according to the passage?

A. Because he couldn’t pay off the debts. B. Because he was accused of murder.

C. Because he did not pay the tax in time. D. Because he planned to cheat the jury.

25. Why did the lawyer come up with the trick?

A. To find the body. B. To annoy the jury.

C. To help his client. D. To save himself.

26. Why did the jury look at the door eagerly?

A. The lawyer’s words must be true.

B. They expected his family to come in.

C. They were surprised and taken in by the lawyer.

D. They thought the person on trial was escaping.

27. What did the representative’s answer mean in the last paragraph?

A. They firmly believed that nobody was killed.

B. The behavior of the client gave him away.

C. The jury still needed more evidence to prove it.

D. The lawyer’s words were worth thinking about.

C

Working well in a team requires full cooperation. Its an important skill for almost every employee to have. Your ability to do your job is dependent upon others getting your work done, and others depend on you to get their work done.

Communicate well. Lack of communication is one of the biggest reasons of a team’s failure. Seek input from team members so they fell like a valuable part of the team. Communication establishes trust among team members. In addition, communicating well can help prevent and resolve conflict. Meet regularly to keep members involved and aware of your work progress. Post decisions where everyone in the team can see them.

Be flexible. In teamwork, priorities and responsibility can change instantly. Stay ready to shift focus. Training team members to be able to do parts of other team member’s jobs can be a valuable part of teamwork; being flexible helps to build appreciation for all the parts of the team.

Meet deadlines. Work hard to ensure you meet established deadlines when you work in a team environment. Others are depending on your work. Negotiate timelines with your teammates at the start of a project. Doing so allows you to have a say in how work gets accomplished. 

Establish accountability. All team members must be responsible for the success and failure of the project. Although every team doesn’t need a leader, teams require a formal way to ensure everybody does his part. Try using meetings to report on progress.

 Celebrate accomplishments and encourage the team. Senior executives may not always recognize the importance of some team members’ work. Share congratulations at team meetings and talk about whose work are invaluable in helping you get your work done.

28. What can you conclude from the first paragraph?

A. Working in a team means your work is separate.

B. Working in a team means your work is effective.

C. Being a member of a team means your work is independent.

D. Being a member of a team means your work is interdependent.

29. Which of the following deeds does not contribute to effective teamwork?

A. Keeping silent in a team discussion.

B. Being able to do parts of others’ job.

C. Acknowledging others’ work publicly.

D. Holding meetings to report on progress.

30. What does the underline word “accountability” refer to in the fifth paragraph?

A. Success  B. Responsibility

 C. Insurance  D. community

31. What is the best title of the passage?

A. How to Succeed in Communicating with Others

B. How to Work Effectively in a Team Environment

C. Ways to Work Well in Completing Projects

D. Ways to Improve the Efficiency of Employees

D

Researchers say current exercise guidelines are unrealistic and argue that doctors should sometimes advise small increases in activity instead. They warn the 150-minute weekly target is beyond the reach of some people - particularly older individuals. And striving to reach these goals could mean the benefits of lighter exercise are overlooked. But public health officials say current recommendations have proven benefits in lowering the risk of heart disease.

There is increasing evidence that inactivity is linked to heart disease, Type 2 diabetes(糖尿病)and some types of cancer. UK guidelines for adults recommend at least two-and-a-half hours of moderate activity a week, in short periods of 10 minutes or more.

But in two separate articles in the BMJ, experts argue the message needs to change, with greater emphasis on making inactive people move more. Prof Philipe de Souto Barreto at the University Hospital of Toulouse, advises people who are sedentary(久坐的) to make small incremental increases in their activity levels - rather than pushing to achieve current goals. He points to previous studies which show even short periods of walking or just 20 minutes of vigorous activity a few times a month can reduce the risk of death, compared to people who do no exercise.

In the second article, Prof Phillip Sparking of the Georgia Institute of Technology, says doctors should tailor their advice --- particularly for older patients. He suggests using GP visits for people over 60 to discuss "realistic options" to increase activity --- such as getting people to stand up and move during TV commercial breaks.

Prof Kevin Fenton at Public Health England, says: "Everyone needs to be active every day –-- short periods of 10 or more minutes of physical activity have proven health benefits, but getting 150 minutes or more of moderate activity every week is the amount we need to positively impact on a wide range of health conditions." This includes reducing the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes."

32. What is the current exercise goal mentioned in the passage?

A. 10-minute exercise B. 20-minute exercise

C. 60-minute exercise D. 150-minute exercise

33. What can we learn from the second paragraph?

A. A 10-minute exercise has little effect on the health.

B. Heart diseases happen easily to the old in activity.

C. Two-and-a-half hours of exercise is not necessary.

D. Inactivity easily brings about many serious diseases.

34. What is the suggestion of Prof. Philipe de Souto Barreto according to the third paragraph?

A. People should spend less time on exercise.

B. People should lower their activity levels. 

C. People should increase exercise properly. 

D. People should achieve their current goals. 

35. Which of the following is TRUE about current exercise guidelines?

A. They are impractical. B. They are reasonable. 

C. They have no effect on us.D. They are popular with people.

第二节(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

根据短文内容,从短文后选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Common-sense Safety Tips for Travelling Abroad

When a holiday is just around the corner, you may be planning a trip abroad. But to enjoy a worry-free adventure abroad, you also should pay attention to the following common-sense safety tips for travelling abroad.

36 

 Another reason to take only carry-on carriage---besides avoiding baggage fees---is that the less you have to carry around, the more quickly you can move, if necessary. You should always have a free hand. Besides, you won’t be exhausted from dragging all those bags around.37  

Lock it up.

 Leave your hotel with only what you need and lock up the rest. Take a lock for your luggage just in case your hotel doesn’t offer a safe.  38 If you don’t need all your cash and cards, don’t take them all with you when you go out for a day of sightseeing or shopping. Also, leave your passport in the hotel. Make photocopies of all your important documents and leave the hotel with a copy of your passport plus a one photo I.D. Why?  39  If all of your identification is in it, imagine the trouble you have to go through to replace it all.

Think and Plan.

Always keep in mind that, when you travel abroad, you are in a place you don’t know well and you can always be a target. Trust your senses.40After your arrival, ask the hotel staff and locals about the areas you are thinking of visiting, especially at night. And you should walk in well-lit areas at night and know how to contact the local police with your cell phone or a payphone in a foreign country, if necessary.

A. Travel light.

B. Pay by credit card.

C. Imagine having your bag stolen off a restaurant table.

D. You should also make it a habit to take your watch with you.

E. Plus, dragging lots of luggage is a dead giveaway that you aren’t a local resident.

F. You should call ahead to be sure, especially if your luggage is made of cloth material.

G. You are smart and mature, so if something or some situation doesn’t feel safe, it probably isn’t.

第三部分:语言知识运用

本部分共两节,满分55分。

第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

When my kids were small, I started a tradition in our house of giving eight gifts over the course of the eight days of Hanukkah(光明节). I liked the idea of41a candle every night and giving my children a gift to unwrap to _42_. It was easy to go into a toy store and pick up something _43_less than $10 each, or even $1 each (at the Dollar Store). My children didn't ask for anything much in particular and they _44_whatever they got.

As the years progressed, I _45_the tradition of eight gifts for each night of Hanukkah.

But this year, Hanukkah _46_something else. My special-needs son decided that he wanted to _47_a computer, and it was up to me to buy all the parts of it. When I wouldn't _48_that, he decided he wanted a PlayStation. Then Amazon gift cards. Then money. And it became clear that it wasn't going to happen, he got _49_.

I keep_50_him that Hanukkah isn't about greed or materialism. It's about the miracle of an oil lamp that _51_for eight days. It's about being_52_of our heritage. It's about freedom.

But he _53_. I know deep down that his obsessions(迷恋) are out of his _54_, and definitely out of mine. Having a special-needs child is as_55_as it gets. Some days are better than others and not all holidays_56_the way I hope. But despite his unrealistic requests, he's a(n) _57_child who is showing me the true meaning of life.

And as we enter a new year and light the _58_approaching the time, I welcome his differences _59_I learn how to turn negative requests into_60_ones.

41.  A. buyingB. donatingC. lightingD. drawing

42.  A. celebrateB. presentC. sendD. play 

43.  A. withB. forC. ofD. from

44.  A. ate B. threwC. likedD. drank

45.  A. held upB. gave inC. handed inD. kept up 

46.  A. madeB. becameC. foundD. designed

47.  A. buildB. buyC. useD. watch 

48.  A. rely onB. learn fromC. agree toD. dream about  

49.  A. calmB. happyC. selfishD. upset

50.  A. tellingB. warningC. promisingD. accusing

51.  A. lays B. hangsC. waitsD. burns

52.  A. tiredB. proud C. afraidD. lack 

53.  A. noddedB. slept C. insistedD. failed

54.  A. mindB. sight C. controlD. place

55.  A. wonderfulB. dangerousC. interestingD. challenging

56.  A. run outB. break downC. work outD. put down

57.  A. strangeB. amazingC. badD. energetic

58.  A. candlesB. lamps C. torchesD. lanterns

59.  A. whenB. as C. unlessD. until 

60.  A. relativeB. possibleC. reasonableD. positive 

非选择题

注意:

  用0.5毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

第三部分  语言知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式,答案写在答题卡上。

A mouse, because of an61  (luck) chance, made close friends with an evil frog. One day, __62__frog played a trick on the mouse by __63____(tie) a foot of the mouse to his own. At first, both of them joined together and the frog_64___ (lead) his friend toward the pool in which he lived, and didn’t stop__65___he reached the side of the water. Then the frog suddenly jumped into the water and the mouse was pulled in with___66_____(he). The frog enjoyed the water and swam in it around, happily crying__67__if he had done a great deed. The unhappy mouse died soon in the water, and his dead body floated around on the surface,__68____(fasten) to the foot of the frog. A hawk saw the dead mouse, suddenly flew down towards it, caught it and flew away. The frog, still tied to the leg of the mouse, was also carried off as a__69__(prison), and it___70____(eat) by the hawk. Harm hatch, harm catch.

第四部分 写作

本部分共两节,满分35分。

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

As is known to we all, Americas national pastime is baseball. It has played in his country since the first settlers arrive. It was a national ball what was liked by many Americans at that time. Although baseball possibly developed from an English game, it is now thought of like an American sport. From the Little League to the Major League, player of all skill levels enjoy testing their power on the “ Field of Dreams”. Famous players, exciting music but the standard stadium food of hot dogs, popcorns and peanuts are popularly among Americans, In a fact, Americans make go to the baseball game a favorite summer outing for many Americans nowadays.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是某中学英文报编辑李华,学校将举行一次50周年校庆作品展示(exhibition),请你用英文写一则作品征集启事。要点如下:

  1.作品主题:反映校园生活,表达祝福;

  2.作品形式:诗词、照片、画作等;

  3.截止日期:91

注意:

  1.词数100左右;

  2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

  3.开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

With the 50th anniversary of our school approaching___________________ ____________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

2018年山西高考英语模拟冲刺试题参考答案

(满分150分)

第一部分 听力(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

1-5BACCA6-10ABABA11-15BCACA16-20BCCBC

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分60分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)

21-25ACABC26-30CBDAB31-35BDDCA

第二节(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

36-40AEFCG

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分55分)

第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

41-45CABCD46-50BACDA51-55DBCCD56-60CBABD

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

61. unlucky62. the 63. tying 64. led65. until

66. him67. as 68. fastened69. prisoner 70. was eaten

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

As is known to we all, Americas national pastime is baseball. It has played in his country since the first

us  been

settlers arrive. It was a national ball what was liked by many Americans at that time. Although baseball possibly

  arrivedthat/which

developed from an English game, it is now thought of like an American sport. From the Little League to the Major

as

League, player of all skill levels enjoy testing their power on the “ Field of Dreams”. Famous players, exciting music

players

but the standard stadium food of hot dogs, popcorns and peanuts are popularly among Americans, In a fact,

andpopular

Americans make go to the baseball game a favorite summer outing for many Americans nowadays.

Going

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

One possible version:

With the 50th anniversary of our school approaching, we are going to hold an exhibition in its honor. We sincerely hope that all students will provide original artworks to celebrate its birthday.

We will be happy to see photos of different school activities which have left a deep impression on you. Besides, you can write Chinese poems, sharing your sweet experiences of school life. Paintings are also preferred. Whatever your works are, they will show your talents on such a special occasion. More importantly, it is a good opportunity to extend your best wishes to the school as well as display your colorful school life. Please send in your works before September 1st.

We really appreciate everyones active participation.

 

 

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