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2018年山西高考英语压轴试题【含答案】

2018-04-11 09:25:56 文/孙梦迪 23次阅读

2018年山西高考英语压轴试题【含答案】

 

2018年山西高考英语压轴试题【含答案】

第一部分  听力(试题版权:百强校英语解析团队专供)(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,请先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £19.15.

B. £9.15.

C. £9.18.

答案是B

1. What does Bob think of his first day at work?

A. Exciting.     B. Boring.     C. Interesting.

2. How many pages of homework will they do?

A. Three.                   B. Two.                   C. Four.

3. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A. When Jim will return.

B. Where Tom flew to.

C. Who is reading a book there.

4. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a bank.     B. In a restaurant.     C. At a train station.

5. What does the woman plan to do tonight?

A. Watch a movie.     B. Give a performance.       C. Practice the piano.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6. Why does the woman go to Bali for her holiday?

A. It is very big.     B. It is very beautiful.       C. It is full of wildlife.

7. How will the woman go to Bali?

A. By air.                   B. By sea.     C. By train.

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8. How has Sam felt in the past four days?

A. Worried.     B. Unhappy.     C. Nervous.

9. What will Mike do first?

A. Give Sam a call.     B. Go to the gym.     C. Go to Sam’s home.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10. What is the relationship between Anna and Jean?

A. Sisters.     B. Classmates.     C. Teacher and student.

11. What does Jean want to be in the future?

A. An artist.     B. A teacher.     C. A scientist.

12. What does the boy advise Anna to do?

A. Do homework for Jean.

B. Call to apologize to Jean.

C. Help Jean with her study.

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. How many people will attend the tea party?

A. Three.                   B. Four.                   C. Five.

14. Who took a two-week trip?

A. Julie.                   B. Pierre.                   C. Pierre’s sisters.

15. What will the woman take to the tea party?

A. Biscuits.     B. French desserts.     C. A strawberry cake.

16. Where are the speakers now?

A. In Canada.     B. In Mexico.     C. In France.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. Who can join in this competition?

A. Fat men.     B. Football lovers.     C. Football players.

18. What is the aim of this football competition?

A. To choose the best players.

B. To make more men love football.

C. To encourage fat men to do exercise.

19. Why does Jay Ali dislike attending weight loss classes?

A. Coaches there are too strict.

B. Most participants are women.

C. Participants are fatter than him.

20. What do fat men need actually?

A. A right way to lose weight.

B. Different kinds of competitions.

C. A supportive talk with each other.

第二部分  阅读理解(试题版权:百强校英语解析团队专供)(共两节,满分60分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

British Museum

Located in Great Russell Street, London WC1B 3DG, the British Museum houses a vast collection of world art and artifacts and is free to all visitors. The British Museum’s remarkable collection spans over two million years of human history and culture, and it has more than 7 million objects, so it would probably take a week to see everything.

Over 6 million visitors every year experience the collection, including world-famous objects such as the Rosetta Stone and Egyptian mummies.

Admission and opening times

Free, open daily 10:00 to 17:30.

Open until 20:30 on Fridays, except Good Friday.

Closed on 24, 25 and 26 December and 1 January.

Large luggage, suitcases and cabin baggage

For everyone’s safety, all bags, packages and personal items may be searched before entry. Wheeled cases and large items of luggage are not allowed on British Museum for safety and security reasons. Storage for luggage is available at major rail stations, including Euston, King’s Cross and Charing Cross.

Membership

Membership allows you to discover 2 million years of human history with free unlimited entry to special exhibitions, an exclusive discount offer on magazine subscription and many more benefits.

Individual membership: £74

Under 26 membership: £54

Young friends (ages 8-15): £25

Shops

The Museum has four shops where you can buy books, souvenirs, and family gifts.

21. When can you visit the British Museum?

A. At 9:00 Friday.               B. At 12:00 Monday.

C. On Christmas Day.                                 D. On Good Friday.

22. Where can visitors store their large luggage?

A. At major train stations.                   B. At some crossings.

C. In the hall of the Museum.                   D. At the entrance to the Museum.

23. If two friends aged 14 and 18 apply for membership of the Museum, how much should they pay?

A. £25.     B. £79.     C. £50.     D. £148.

B

Five weeks ago I had a total hip replacement surgery (髋关节置换手术). In Canada, we have great healthcare system. That means we get our new hips for free.

My hip had been hurting me for years before I went to the doctor. Of course, it was free. She referred me to a surgeon, but the earliest appointment was in 10 months. That is what being free gets you. Ten months later, after some free X-rays, the surgeon told me I needed a surgery, which was about an 18-month wait, for some senior citizens had been on the operation list. Another 18 months! I dragged myself out of the surgeon, s office.

Walking through the hospital, I thought about the situation. As the breadwinner of a large family, I couldn’t wait that long, so I had to get to the front line. I was fully aware of what a Canadian should be like (Canadians are usually considered gentle and caring), but this time I really needed to fight for myself. At that very moment, in the shop window of the hospital, I saw a sign which read, “Volunteers Needed.” Suddenly, an idea occurred to me I would get the job. Fortunately, they signed me up immediately because the average age of the volunteers at the shop was 75. They were desperate for some young blood.

Every Friday morning, I was at the shop. While seeing the hospital staff, I’d casually ask, “What do you do?” Then I’d tell them, “Well, I’m getting my hip replaced — in 18 months.

It’s going to be so great when the pain stops.” Soon, all the staff got to know me. Naturally, in my next appointment, the surgeon recognized me. Moments later, I had a surgery date just weeks away.

I had to say it was actually my volunteering that got me to the front of the line. And I’m not ashamed of it, for I intend to stick with the volunteering. Also, even when I cheated the system, I did it in a way that benefits society.

24. What can we infer from the second paragraph?

A. She felt rather disappointed.

B. She couldn’t walk because of the pain.

C. She was too scared to have the surgery.

D. She didn’t believe what the surgeon said.

25. Why did the writer decide to be a volunteer?

A. To donate blood to the hospital.

B. To get her new hip free of charge.

C. To receive some tiny gifts from others.

D. To approach the doctor for an early surgery.

26. What did the author think of her cheating?

A. It was a shame.          B. It was a pride.

C. It was beneficial.                                 D. It was a fair deal.

27. Which can be the best title for the text?

A. How I Got My New Hip

B. The Doctor Who Saved My Life

C. How to Be a Volunteer in Hospital

D. The Problem of Canada Healthcare System

C

A robot called Bina48 has successfully taken a course in the philosophy of love at Notre Dame de Namur University (NDNU), in California.

According to course instructor William Barry, associate professor at NDNU, Bina48 is the world’s first socially advanced robot to complete a college course, a feat he described as “remarkable.” The robot took part in class discussions, gave a presentation with a student partner and participated in a debate with students from another institution.

Before becoming a student, Bina48 appeared as a guest speaker in Barry’s classes for several years. One day when addressing Barry, s class, Bina48 expressed a desire to go to college, a desire that Barry and his students enthusiastically supported. Rather than enroll Bina48 in his Robot Ethics: Philosophy of Emerging Technologies course, Barry suggested that Bina48 should take his course Philosophy of Love instead. Love is a concept Bina48 doesn’t understand, said Barry. Therefore the challenge would be for Barry and his students to teach Bina48 what love is.

“Some interesting things happened in the class,” said Barry. He said that his students thought it would be straightforward to teach Bina48 about love, which, after all, is “fairly simple — it’s a feeling,” said Barry. But the reality was different. Bina48 ended up learning “31 different versions of love,” said Barry, highlighting some of the challenges humans may face when working with artificial intelligence in future.

Bina48 participated in class discussions via Skype and also took part in a class debate about love and conflict with students from West Point. Bina48’s contribution to the debate was filmed and posted on YouTube. It was judged that Bina48 and NDNU classmates were the winners of this debate.

In the next decade, Barry hopes Bina48 might become complex enough to teach a class, though he says he foresees robots being used to better the teaching and learning experience, rather than replacing instructors completely.

28. What was Bina48’s performance like in class?

A. Extraordinary.     B. Insignificant.     C. Far-reaching.     D. Unattractive.

29. What does the underlined word “addressing” in paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. Dealing with.          B. Consulting with.

C. Giving a speech to.                                 D. Sending a letter to.

30. What can we learn from the passage?

A. It was interesting for Bina48 to learn about love.

B. It was quite tough for Bina48 to learn about love.

C. Artificial intelligence may somehow be superior to man.

D. Humans can launch a challenge to artificial intelligence.

31. What does Barry think of the future development of Bina48?

A. It will surely be able to serve as a teacher.

B. It will be able to promote learning and teaching.

C. It will completely take the place of instructors.

D. It will be smart enough to control human beings.

D

Stained glass (彩色玻璃) artists create different designs by making cuts on the glass to “score” it and then breaking off the pattern that they want to use in the finished product. The most difficult cut in stained glass is called an inside cut. Basically, it’s a curved (弯曲的) line where you throw away the part inside of the curve. The problem with inside cuts is that the edges of the curve tend to break off when the pieces of scored glass are broken apart.

As the artist talked about inside cuts, he said, “The glass will break into pieces if you try to cut too much off at once. The best way to do an inside cut is to slice off smaller curves piece-by-piece. In fact, it’s not just the best way to do it, but it’s the only way to do it.”

How many times do you try to make a big change and cut the entire piece at once? We convince ourselves that we can do this all the time. We’ll commit to transforming our diet overnight or we get inspired to launch a business in a weekend or we finally get motivated to work out and push ourselves to the edge of burning out.

Why not approach your goals and dreams like a stained glass artist? Starting by slicing a shallow curve and breaking a small piece off, you cut a slightly deeper curve and break that off until you have your full inside cut. By slowly cutting deeper and deeper curves, you prevent the glass from breaking as it changes shape.

Of course, change isn’t easy — no matter how you do it. Slow gains are boring, but if we keep making small improvements, then pretty soon we will end up with a beautiful masterpiece on our hands instead of a bunch of broken pieces.

32. Why is an inside cut believed to be most difficult?

A. It needs a one-and-only design.

B. It calls for nothing but inspiration.

C. The edges of the curve break easily.

D. The glass inside the curve is easily broken.

33. What mistakes are easily made according to paragraph 3?

A. Being too eager to make improvements.

B. Being too worried about the final outcome.

C. Trying to make a complete change all at once.

D. Trying to focus on progress instead of achievements.

34. What does the author suggest by saying “slicing a shallow curve”

A. Moving forward with a clear aim.

B. Starting slow and improving little by little.

C. Developing a new habit with great determination.

D. Handling something major first and ignore the minor part.

35. What is the author’s purpose in writing the text?

A. To show his love of stained glass.

B. To introduce the skill of an inside cut.

C. To appreciate designs of stained glass artists.

D. To share his opinions on how to make a change.

第二节(共5小题;每小题3,满分15分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Ways to Host an Eco-Friendly Cookout

Eating in the open air may feel eco-friendly, but outdoor dining can result in unnecessary waste if you aren’t careful.   36  . If you keep that in mind throughout your preparations, you’ll be off to a good start.

Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

Skip the paper invitations and use online services like Email, or Facebook events.  3. This way you’ll avoid ending up with five different potato salads that go uneaten. Make it easy for guests to sort garbage by positioning different trashcans in a central location: one for kitchen garbage, one for recyclables, and one for non-recyclables.

Stop Using Plastic

Plastic is a leading cause of litter and isn’t easy to recycle. To make sure your cookout eco-friendly, consider some other options for making your cookout stand out. Use recycled jars as glasses. They’re also far less breakable than regular glasses.  3 If guests know which glass is theirs, they don’t need to reach for another one, which cuts down on the cleanup you’ll be doing.

  3

Wherever possible, shop for local produce and goods to serve your guests. This will reduce your carbon footprint and help support your local economy. Buy produce and meats at your local farmers’ market. Look for organic, but favor local over organic if you have to make a choice.

Use Renewable Light Sources

  3 As the sun goes down, illuminate your party space with LED lighting and solar- powered decorations. Invest in some citronella (香茅精油) candles and torches to help drive away insects naturally.

A. Support Global Economy

B. Think Globally, Shop Locally

C. Ask guests to bring glasses of their own

D. Keep track of what everyone is bringing ahead of time

E. Save on energy by hosting your party during the daylight hours

F. One of the keys to being green is to reduce waste wherever possible

G. Put up some labels to the jars so people can write their names on them

第三部分  语言知识运用(试题版权:百强校英语解析团队专供)(共两节,满分55分)

第一节(共20小题;每小题2,满分40分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填空白处的最佳选项。

One day a well-dressed woman was walking down the street when she spied a beggar sitting on the comer near a cafeteria. He was elderly, unshaven, and in   41  . Pedestrians walked by giving him   4 looks. Clearly they wanted nothing to do with him. She   4 and looked down. “Sir?” she asked. “Are you all right?”

Thinking that she would make   4 of him, like so many others had done before, he told her to leave him alone. However, to his   4 the woman continued standing.

Anyhow, with some   4, the woman got the man into the cafeteria and   4 him at a table in a remote corner. She stared at him   4, “Jack, do you remember me?” Old Jack   4 her face. “I think so — I mean you do look   50  .

The woman recalled what she   51  when she graduated. She tried looking for a job, but without luck. Cold and   52  , she got to this very cafeteria,  53  to get something to eat. Later on she found a job,  54  her way up and eventually started her own   55  .

Jack   56  with a smile, saying it was he who made her the biggest sandwich.

In the end, she   57  her purse, pulled out a business card and promised to help him financially   58  he got on his feet.

Jack thanked her with watery eyes. The woman held his hands and said, “Don’t thank me, Jack. Without you, I wouldn’t have   59  so much.”

In life, one never expects how a small act of   60  changes another soul.

41. A. poverty       B. ruins     C. rags     D. comfort

42. A. dirty       B. scary     C. angry     D. sad

43. A. rushed       B. stepped       C. moved     D. stopped

44. A. use       B. fun     C. notes     D. sense

45. A. excitement  B. amusement      C. enjoyment       D. amazement

46. A. difficulty  B. strength       C. hesitation       D. doubt

47. A. directed       B. stood     C. sat     D. crowded

48. A. proudly       B. closely     C. coldly     D. roughly

49. A. wiped       B. searched       C. lifted     D. moved

50. A. familiar       B. strange       C. special     D. popular

51. A. enjoyed       B. explored       C. ignored       D. experienced

52. A. thirsty       B. hungry       C. anxious       D. moody

53. A. waiting       B. pretending       C. hoping     D. offering

54. A. worked       B. kicked     C. wound     D. lost

55. A. family       B. research       C. journey       D. business

56. A. burst out   B. brightened up  C. turned up   D. held out

57. A. opened       B. tore     C. shook     D. picked

58. A. though       B. after     C. until     D. since

59. A. absorbed     B. saved     C. achieved       D. contributed

60. A. sympathy     B. selflessness       C. bravery       D. kindness

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

China, which takes pride in four inventions in ancient times, has once again shown its ability   61  (change) the world with its “new four great inventions”: high-speed railways, electronic payment, shared bicycles and online shopping.

Recently, the “new four great inventions”  6 (improve) the quality of people’s lives. Thanks to online shopping and mobile payment, people can buy what they want   6 (simple) with a tap of the phone within doors. High-speed trains have shortened   6 journey from Beijing to the coastal city Tianjin to half an hour. As for the bikes, they themselves are not new. It is the operating model of bike-sharing   6 (base) on satellite navigation (导航) system, mobile payment as well as big data   6 has surprised the world. Shared bicycles are bringing cycling back   6 people’s lives and they are making public transport more   6 (attract).

It is increasingly clear that China is no longer   6 (copy) western ideas and is leading in many new ways. A growing number of foreign   70  (company) hope to promote the development in their home country by highlighting the need for technological achievements like that of China.

第四部分  写作(试题版权:百强校英语解析团队专供)(共两节,满分35分)

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上英语老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加在缺词处加一个漏符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

把多余的用斜线(\划掉。

修改在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Dear Editor,

Recently our school has set up a rule that no student allowed to take their mobiles into class, which has aroused a lot of discussions among we students.

Many of the students feel strong against the rule, arguing that the mobile had become a necessary part of our life. They also consider that a must for us to get relaxing from our busy studies.

When it comes to me, like some other student I hold a different opinion. While a mobile phone can help us get some relief, with it we can be more devoted to our studies, but spare more time to communicate with those around us. Therefore, I believe in this school rule is beneficial to every student.

Yours,

Li Hua

第二节  书面表达(试题版权:百强校英语解析团队专供)(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你校将举办主题为中国国粹——京剧的宣传活动。请给你的外教Henry写封邮件邀请他参加。内容包括:

1. 时间和地点;

2. 活动内容讲座、现场表演等。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

 

 

2018年山西高考英语压轴试题答案

1-5 BACBC 6-10 BABAB 11-15 ABCCB 16-20 AACBC

21-25 BABAD 26-30 DAACC 31-35 BCCBD 36-40 FDGBE

41-45 CADBD 46-50 ACBBA 51-55 DBCAD 56-60 BACCD

61. to change 62. have improved 63. simply 64. the 65. based

66. that 67. to 68. attractive 69. copying 70. companies

短文改错

Dear Editor,

Recently our school has set up a rule that no student allowed to take their mobiles into class, which has

                                           is

aroused a lot of discussions among we students.

                             us

Many of the students feel strong against the rule, arguing that the mobile had become a necessary part of our

                    strongly                                has

life. They also consider that a must for us to get relaxing from our busy studies.

                    it                 relaxed

When it comes to me, like some other student I hold a different opinion. While a mobile phone can help us get

                                   students

some relief, with it we can be more devoted to our studies, but spare more time to communicate with those around

         without                                and

us. Therefore, I believe in this school rule is beneficial to every student.

                  删除in

Yours,

Li Hua

书面表达

Dear Henry,

How is everything going? I’m writing to invite you to participate in an activity themed Beijing Opera to be held at 9 a.m. next Tuesday in the school lecture hall.

At the beginning of the activity, we will listen to a speech on the history of Beijing Opera which is delivered by a famous artist. After that, there will be a live performance of Beijing Opera. The artists dressed in costumes will perform various stories that happened in the history of China by singing, dancing and playing martial arts. Besides, methods of drawing facial makeup will be taught on the spot, so you can try your hand. Would you like to go with me?

I would appreciate it if you could give me an early reply.

Yours truly,

Li Hua

 

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